9.26.2016 Day in History

CC BY-NC-ND by Gwinnett County Public Library
CC BY-NC-ND by Gwinnett County Public Library

This date marks Europe’s celebration of all its many languages, and, in the United States, today is Johnny Appleseed Day; in the realm of Rome, Julius Caesar, two thousand sixty-two years ago, fulfilled a vow that he made at the battle of Pharsalus and dedicated a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix; six hundred forty-five years ahead of the present moment, the ‘clash of civilizatons’ between Islam and Christianity continued as the Serbian-Turkish Wars continued with the Battle of Maritsa in which the Ottomans were establishing their dominance over the Balkans; one hundred twenty-two years subsequently, in 1493, um, an imperious Catholic Pope issued a bull, Dudum Siquidem, that further asserted arrogant worldwide imprimatur for Catholic monarchs such as those in Spain and Portugal; four hundred thirty-six years back, Sir Francis Drake led his intrepid pirate crew in the completion of their circumnavigation of the planet; a century and seven years onward in space and time, in 1687, besieged Ottoman forces in Athens watched as Morosini ordered the cannonade that partially destroyed the magnificent Athenian Parthenon in their attempt to dislodge the Turks, while to the North in the low countries, Dutch leaders declared their allegiance to William of orange’s invasion of England; eighty-seven years henceforth, in 1774, across the wide Atlantic in North America, the baby boy was born who would grow into the gnerous itinerant sower of fruit orchards, Johnny Appleseed; a decade and a half after that, in 1789, George Washington made his first executive department appointments, including Thomas Jefferson as Secretary of State and Edmund Randolph as Attorney General; sixty years beyond that moment, in 1849, thousands of miles to the East in Russia, a male infant first gazed round about him en route to his scientific journey as Ivan Pavlov; just short of two decades further along, in 1868, August Ferdinand Mobius, after whom we have named the eponyumous ‘strip,’ counted out his final formula; six years later, in 1874, an infant boy bounced into our midst who would mature as the estimable photographer and advocate for justice Lewis Hine; fourteen years forward from that on time’s arc, in 1888, the baby boy opened his eyes who woulr rise as the acclaimed poet and critic T.S. Eliot; three hundred sixty-five additional days in the direction of today, in 1889, across the Atlantic in Germany, a male child entered the world in standard fashion who would become the decidedly non-standard philosopher an scientist Martin Heidegger; seven hundred thirty days thereafter, in 1891, another baby boy entered the earthly plane, destined for a career as the thinker and member of the Vienna Circle Hans Reichenbach; a mere year nearer to the here and now, in 1892, one more male infant cast about for something to do, hitting on the course of the life of the sociological and historical thinker Robert Staughton Lynd; eleven years further down the pike, across the century line in 1903, a railroad company, in train railroad railwayencouraging its line operators to make up lost time, likely induced the storied wreck of the Danville-bound #497 which elicited many a poem and song in response; fourteen hundred thirty-one days after that tragic juncture, in 1907, a male child drew a first breath o his way to a life as the intelligence ‘asset’ and historian Anthony Blunt; three hundred sixty-six days more on time’s relentless march, in 1908, the first automobile that workers assembled out of standard parts on a moving line rolled out of the Ford plant in Detroit; two additional years on the road to the here and now, in 1910, around the world in India, Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai faced arrest for the ‘crime’ of publishing criticism of the government of Travancore from which he had exiled himself; another four years onward, in 1914, the Unted States, responding to multiple criticisms of unethical and criminal activities on the part of capital, established the Federal Trade Commission; nine years yet later on, in 1923, across the Atlantic in Germany, the Reich’s Chancellor guaranteed that the basis for a Second World War would come along sooner or later by resuming reparations payments from the Weimar Republic to the recent ‘allied’ combatants; back in the USA, two years further beyond that conjunction, in 1925, a male child sang out who would end up becoming the roustabout and race-car driver and singer-songwriter Marty Robbins; eight more years on the line from then till now, in 1933, the bank robber who called himself Machine Gun Kelly threw down his arms in surrender and cried out “don’t shoot, G – men!” giving the Federal police a nickname that sticks to this day; not quite a decade after that, in 1942, a senior official of the SS Secret Police force in Germany issued a memorandum that detailed many of the techniques and plans for ‘evacuating’ Jewish people from the planet; four years henceforth, in 1946, back in North America, a girl child was born into the world who would grow up as the theorist and champion of women’s rights and thinking, Andrea Dworkin, and the estimable maven of narrative style, William Strunk, Jr., composed his final sentence; an additional thousand ninety-six days forward from that, in 1949, a girl child cried out on her way to the literary life of Jane Smiley; a single year past that occasion, in 1950, around the globe in Northeast Asia, erstwhile United Nations troops wrested control of Seoul from the North Koreans who had briefly captured the capital city; two years subsequent to that combat, in 1952, back in the United States, the historian philosopher George Santayana made his final exit;eight years of stalwart steps in the direction of today, in 1960, the first televised presidential debate took place, pitting Senator John F Kennedy against Vice President Richard Nixon in Chicago; nine years beyond that juncture, in 1969, across the North Atlantic and England, the rock group The Beatles releasedrooftop_cover  concert beatles music their final joint album, Abbey Road; eleven years afterward, in 1980, a horrendous terror attack occurred in Munich during Oktoberfest, killing eleven and injuring hundreds; three years past that horror, in 1983, a possibly even more cataclysmic eventuality unfolded as a Soviet thermonuclear operations officer correctly concluded that radar reports of a missile attack on the Soviet Union had resulted from computer error, thereby forestalling the death of billions of people; another leap year forward in time, in 1984, England promised to return Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China in fifteen years; sixteen years hence, in 2000,protesters in Prague erupted riotously against police provocations in their demonstrations against the meetings of the IMF and World Bank in the Czech capital city; a dozen years more proximate to the present pass, in 2012, the monumental historian and Marxist, Eugene Genovese, lived out his final scene.