8.26.2016 Day in History

annie oakley wild west gun womenToday in the United States, in an acknowledgment that should be year round, is Women’s Equality Day; a decisive early consolidation of Turkish overturning of Byzantine rule occurred nine hundred forty-five years ago at the Battle of Manzikurt; two centuries and thirty-two years later, in 1303, the dictatorial rule of Alauddin Khilji over the subcontinent advanced with the capture of Chittorgarh from Hindu forces; in a momentous moment in military history forty-three years thereafter, in 1346, English military advances, in the form of the longbow, won out at the Battle of Crecy in the Hundred Years War; five hundred eighteen years prior to the present pass,-1498 Michelangelo received his commission to carve the Pieta; two hundred seventy-three years ahead of now, the baby boy came into the world in France who would discover chemical marvels as Antoine Lavoisier; two hundred forty-eight years back, James Cook embarked in the Endeavor to explore the world for England; twenty-one years hence, in 1789, France’s revolutionary National Constituent Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen; across the Atlantic seven hundred thirty days after that, in 1791, American John Fitch received a patent for a steamboat design; two hundred two years ago, infighting between two factions of rebel forces erupted in the Battle of Las Tres Acequias in Chile; seven years past that point, in 1821, Argentina opened the University of Buenos Aires to students; one hundred forty-three years back, the infant who grew up to invent the audion tube and lay the foundation for amplified audio was born and named Lee de Forest; a hundred thirty-six years prior to this day, a French male infant came along who would mature as the risqué savant, Guillaume Apollinaire; three years further down the pike, in 1883, the eruption of the volcano of Krakatoa begun its final, paroxysmal stage; another two years beyond that juncture, in 1885, the baby boy first opened his eyes on his way to becoming the celebrated French author and poet, Jules Romains; nineteen years nearer to now, in 1904, an English infant boy first shouted out, en route to a life as the iconoclastic writer, Christopher Isherwood; another six years along time’s arc, in 1910, the renowned thinker William James, philosopher and psychologist, left the world behind; four years later, in 1914, a Belgian baby gave his initial cry who would mature as the Argentinean novelist and critic, Julio Cortazar, and halfway across the world in Europe, the German colony of Togoland surrendered to French and British forces; three years short of a century behind us, in an act of murdering impunity, fascist police forces gunned down the United Mine Worker organizer Fannie Sellins during a Pennsylvania coal strike, alongside organizer Joseph Starzeleski; one year more beyond that conjunction, in 1920, women first officially could vote in the United States, as the Nineteenth Amendment came into force; three hundred sixty-five years still further down time’s path, in 1921, the infant destined to become American journalist and author Benjamin C Bradlee was born; twelve months even further onward time’s arc, in 1922, in an ottomanact of picking up the pieces of the Ottoman Empire, the Turkish army launched what has come to be known as the “Great Offensive;” three years henceforth, in 1925, the boy baby who became award winning Ukrainian-Russian director and screenwriter Pyotr Todorovsky was born; five years on the dot after that, in 1930, the actor and screenwriter Lon Chaney made his final exit; two years onward, in 1932, the Comptroller of the Currency announced a temporary halt on foreclosures of first mortgages in an attempt to alleviate the suffering experienced during the Great Depression; seventy-six years back, Chad became the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of a first Black colonial governor; seventy-four years before this moment, Germans were rounding up Jews in what is now Western Ukraine to execute if they were young or sick and to send to death camps otherwise; seven years afterward, in 1949, a male child was born who would astonish audiences as the song-writer and performer Leon Redbone; eight year closer to today’s light and air, in 1957, in what some may consider one of the many management decisions that led to the crippling of the American auto industry over the following decades, Ford Motor Co. produced its first Edsel; forty-six years back, a Women’s Strike for Equality took place under the leadership of feminist Betty Friedan; seven years afterward, in 1977, the author who gave the world Curious George made his final bow; another eight years onward, in 1984, Roger Baldwin, trade-unionist and cofounder of the American Civil Liberties Union, drew a final breath; three years subsequent to that loss, in 1987, Quebec’s legislature approved a resolution that declared French the province’s primary language; two years hence, in 1989, popular novelist and fictional biographer Irving Stone lived out his final scene; a decade more from that point on, in 1999, Russia began the Second Chechen War; fourteen years before the here and now,  one in a series of Earth Summit’s—addressing issues of sustainability and environmental crisis and more—took place in Johannesburg, South Africa; a mere year further on, in 2003, over one thousand drivers in Oahu, Hawaii began what would become a five-week strike; seven years ago, U.S. journalist Dominick Dunne died; and one year ago, two U.S. Journalists died at the hands of a disgruntled ex-coworker, and so did the celebrated activist Amelia Boynton Robinson, who went on to her further reward after many decades of social justice work.