8.25.2016 Day in History

PARIS Eiffel towerToday, Paris and a significant swath of the rest of the world commemorate French citizens’ and allied soldiers’ liberation of the city from the Nazis; in Italy, one thousand, nine hundred and thirty-nine years back, Roman historian Pliny-the-elder died; four hundred seventy-three years behind us, the first Europeans, bearing firearma, arrived in Japan; four hundred seven years prior to the present pass, Galileo Galilei demonstrated his telescope for the first time to legislators in Venice; twenty-one years afterward, in 1630, around the world in what is now Sri Lanka, Portuguese forces experienced a setback in colonization plans with a defeat at the hands of fighters from the Kingdom of Kandy; two hundred forty ahead of the here and now, English thinker David Hume had his final empirically verifiable living experience; one hundred ninety-seven years back, the baby boy who was destined to become the future brutal strike-breaker and founder of the investigation agency, bearing the name of Allan Pinkerton, first opened his eyes; three years from that point onward, in 1822, the German-English astronomer and composer breathed his last; three years subsequently, in 1825, Uruguay declared independence from Brazil; three years even further down the road, in 1828, the baby boy who would become Bret Harte, American author of both Westerns and poetry, came into the world; seven years past that conjunction in 1835, the New York Sun demonstrated both the power of journalism and the human longing for extraterrestrial analogs of moon film early lumiereourselves with the publication of the Great Moon Hoax; one hundred thirty-nine years ago, English scientist Michael Faraday died; six years hence, in 1883, Vietnam and France signed a treaty that declared a French protectorate over Annam and Tonkin; eleven years beyond that point, in 1894, a Japanese scientist discovered the microbe responsible for Bubonic Plague and published his discovery in the British journal, The Lancet; six years later still, in 1900, German philosopher and pundit Friedrich Nietzsche died; eight years even nearer to now, in 1908, French physicist Henri Becquerel died; four years henceforth, in 1912, the Chinese Nationalist Party Kuomintang came into existence; seven hundred and thirty days afterward, in 1914, German soldiers deliberately attacked the Catholic University Library in Leuven, Belgium, destroying hundreds of thousands of one-of-a-kind ancient volumes and manuscripts; two more years further along time’s path, in 1916, the U.S. National Park Service came into being; another four years after that juncture, in 1920, the early Soviet attempt to take over part of Poland ended in the Red Army’s defeat at Warsaw; three hundred sixty-five days later, in 1921, West Virginia miners asserted their rights against local authorities and mine-company ‘police’ in the first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain; two years after that moment in time, in 1923, a male infant came along in Colombia whose fate was to be the widely read and popular author and critic, Alvaro Mutîs; two years later, in 1925, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters founded at a meeting in New York City; and a dozen years later, in 1937, the organization signed its first contract with Pullman; three typewriter writer writehundred sixty-five days beyond that point in time, in 1938, the baby boy bearing the name of Frederick Forsyth uttered his first cry on the way to becoming the celebrated English journalist and author; seventy-seven years before the present pass, England and Poland declared an alliance of mutual protection, which would in less than ten days see the beginning of World War Two; half a decade hence, in 1944, partisans and allied soldiers completed the liberation of Paris; a year yet closer to the current context, in 1945, Chinese Communists assassinated U.S. Office of Strategic Services agent John Birch, whose eponymous society now espouses imperialist reaction as a rational course for U.S. policy; in its first televised hearings, three years after that, in 1948, the House Un-American Activities Committee confronted Alger Hiss with Whitaker Chambers en route to the former Assistant Secretary of State’s perjury conviction; another year onward, in 1949, the boy infants who were to grow into Kiss sensation Gene Simmons and United Kingdom literary genius Martin Amis were both born; one year closer still to the current state of affairs, in 1950, the country’s first ReDemoPubliCratiCan President, Harry Truman, ordered the Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads in order to avert and break a threatened strike; four years down the road from that day, in 1954, the baby boy drew first breath who would sing and write as the rock star, Elvis Costello; two years thereafter, in 1956, noted thinker and sexologist Alfred Kinsey passed away; two additional years, in

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1958, the soon-to-be iconic director, producer, and screenwriter Tim Burton came into the world; three years henceforth, in 1961, another baby boy came into the world on his way to becoming the singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor Billy Ray Cyrus, and down in South America, after sharp unrest in part fostered by U.S. interests, the President of Brazil resigned, laying the basis for upheaval that led two and a half years later to a military coup; forty-eight years prior to today, the Battle of Lincoln Park occurred during the Democratic Convention in Chicago, in which troops battled against 10,000 demonstrators; eight years later, in 1976, the Swedish Nobel Literary Laureate Eyvind Johnson breathed his last; thirty-two years ago, the world lost two literary luminaries, with the loss ofthinker and storyteller Gore Vidal, as well as the passing of Truman Capote; a decade afterward, in 1991, Linus Torvalds released the first version of open-source operating system Linux, and the siege of Vukovar began in what ended up being the dissolution of Yugoslavia; six years subsequently, in 1997, a former premier of East Germany faced a conviction for a ‘shoot-to-kill’ policy at the Berlin Wall, and former Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell died; seven years back, Ted Kennedy died; four years later, spacecraft Voyager One entered interstellar space, the first human artifact to reach so far from home.