8.23.2016 Day in History

CC BY by Kheel Center, Cornell University
CC BY by Kheel Center, Cornell University

Today is an International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition, as well as representing—for twenty-odd years now—Internaut Day to commemorate those who use the Internet often and well, while a European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism & Nazism unfolds on this date, and Iran honors medical doctors with Physicians Day; in the ever-volatile Mediterranean two thousand forty-six years ago, the wealthy military leader Octavian, soon to become Rome’s first emperor, followed up the successful conquest of Egypt by murdering Marc Antony’s eldest son and also executing Caesarian, Egypt’s last Ptolemaic King and only child of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra; almost but not quite exactly a century and a decade later, in 79, supposedly on a day honoring the fire god Vulcan, the volcano near Vesuvius began to show signs of the eruption that would destroy many of the surrounding communities; exactly three times one hundred nine years after that, in 406, Roman imperial mercenaries, having defeated Gothic uprising, executed King Radagaisus; seven decades later, in 476, in a ‘what goes around comes around’ moment, German leader Odoacer assumed the title of King of Italy; seven hundred seventy-two years ahead of today,further evidencing regional tendencies to conflict, fighters of the Khwarezmian Empire successfully overthrew the Tower of David Citadel of Jerusalem; just past six decades beyond that battle’s end, in 1305,England’s rulers oversaw the brutal execution of William Wallace for his rebellious leadership; seventy-seven years subsequent to that barbaric pass, in 1382, armies under the leadership of Golden Horde potentate Takhtamysh laid siege to the Muscovite capital city; five hundred two years back, in what is now Iran, forces of the early Ottoman Empire crushed the troops of the Safavid Empire at the Battle of Chaldiran; fifty-eight years onward from there, in 1572, to the North in France, ‘toleration’ came to a bloody end as Huguenot Protestants faced the slaughter of the St. Bartholomew Day Massacre; precisely two decades hence, around the world in Northeast Asia in 1592, Japanese invaders began their siege of the Korean stronghold at Yeongwon Castle; twenty-two years more along the temporal arc, in 1614, mobs in Frankfurt, under the guidance of city leaders, gutted the Jewish quarters and began the Fettmilch uprising expulsion of all the cities’ Torah worshippers; an additional one hundred nine years into the future from that, in 1723,the early colonial Puritan leader and zealot, Increase Mather, went to meet his God; fifty-two years thereafter, in 1775,  in relation to the descendants of Mather’s followers, King George of England issues a proclamation that declared the colonies in open rebellion against the Crown; nine years further along, in 1784,  now American settlers near the Appalachian Massif punctuated the end of the Revolution by declaring themselves independent of the state of North Carolina, establishing the short-lived state of Franklin; a decade and a half beyond that moment in time, in 1799,across the wide Atlantic and through part of the Mediterranean, Napoleon departed from his battles in Egypt on his way to seizing imperial power in France; thirty-two years henceforth, in 1831, the short-lived insurrection of Nat Turner and his comrades came to an end as the authorities crushed the outbreak of violence against the slaveocracy; eight additional years in the direction of today, in 1839, halfway around the world at the mouth of the Pearl River in China, the English reacted to Chinese destruction of British traitors opium by seizing the island that is now Hong Kong in preparation for three years of punishing warfare that we now know as the First Opium War; twenty-two years further along time’s road, in 1861,back in the United States, Union authorities apprehended one of the first Confederate spices in the District of Columbia, Rose Greenhow; five years yet later on, in 1866, across the Atlantic In Central Europe, Austria accepted the generous terms—a

"Vltava in Prague" by che - Own work.
“Vltava in Prague” by che – Own work.

Bismarck ploy—of the Peace of Prague that ended the Austrian-Prussian War with merely Vienna’s having to concede Venice to the Italians; a two year stretch toward the future, in 1868, a baby boy was born who would grow up as the masterful poet and dramatist and writer, Edgar Lee Masters; twenty-eight years afterward, in 1896, as organizing and resistance against Spanish rule accelerated in the Philippines, the Cry of Pagun Lawin—now Quezon City—drew nigh, and Filipinos now commemorate the initiation of their revolutionary struggle for independence on this date; one thousand four hundred and thirty daysonly along time’s forward march, in 1900, a little baby girl opened her eyes who would rise as the singer and performer and songwriter and stalwart champion of social justice, Malvina Milder Reynolds; a single year after that, in 1901, back in Manila, five hundred ‘Thomasite’ teachers arrived to instruct Filipinos in practical subjects such as how to be good servants of the United States; eight years yet nearer to the present pass, in 1909, around the world in McKee’s Rock, Pennsylvania, International Workers of the World strikers responded to a sheriff’s firing on them by killing him and starting a gun battle that claimed ten or more additional lives; partially in response to extreme violence such as this, the result of the ‘American style’ of oppressive class warfare, three years subsequently, in 1912, the President appointed a Commission on Industrial Relations that would document the depredations and depravity of capital in search of higher profit; fourteen additional cycles of the sun on the path to the here and now, in 1926, the male infant entered the world in standard fashion who matured as Clifford Geertz, a social scientist and a founding father of Cultural Anthropology; the next year, in 1927, the State of Massachusetts put to death two men, Nicolo Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, whose trial was a travesty of justice and at least one of whom was verifiably innocent of anything in relation to the charges that led to their judicial murder; seven hundred thirty-one days even closer to the current context, in 1929, Palestinians who opposed the British Mandate rose up in riotous rebellion in Hebron, killing plus or minus seventy Jewish people and driving most of the rest from the city; in a different outburst of violence, at once divergent and similar, plus or minus eight thousand miles to the Northwest four years beyond that conjunction, in 1933,

CC BY-NC-ND by Bread for the World

vigilantes in and around Yakima, Washington attacked two hundred or more migrant workers; half a dozen years farther down the pike, in 1939, back in the Eastern Hemisphere, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany signed a ‘non-aggression’ pact that both fully intended to violate quite quickly, and the author and screenwriter Sidney Howard gave a final gasp; half a decade afterward, in 1944, Romania switched sides from the fascists to the allies, and in one of the worst instances of accidental military carnage, a B-24 American bomber crashed into a school in Freckleton, England, resulting in more than sixty deaths, mostly children; a mere year later, in 1945, Soviets laid the basis for using Japanese Prisoners of War as laborers in Manchuria;a thousand ninety-six days more along time’s path, in 1948, the World Council of Churches came into existence; another year onward from that propitious happening, one of America’s fiercest feminists, Helen Churchill Candee, an upper crust designer and writer and thinker, sang her swan song before departing forever; nine years still more proximate to the present pass, in 1958, a second instance of a serious potential for war shaped up in the Taiwan Straits as Peoples Liberation Army forces bombarded positions of the Nationalists; five years more down time’s current, in 1963, the boy child first gazed about him on his way to life as the screenwriter and filmmaker Park Chan-wook; three years hence, in 1966, a Lunar Orbiter world space planet The_Earth_seen_from_Apollo_17took the first photograph of Earth from such a distant vantage point; four further years toward today, in 1970, back on terra firma, the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee started the Salad Bowl Strike, the largest work action among agricultural laborers ever; three years even more in proximity to our own point in time, in 1973, across the continent and over the ocean in Stockholm, a bank heist flailed so badly that many employees and customers ended up hostages, who in the course of their tense and tenuous experience, often came to sympathize with their captors and thereby have a ‘syndrome’ that bears the name of their location;sixteen additional years on time’s forward path, in 1989, the brilliant humanist and psychiatrist, R.D. Laing played out his final scene; a year thereafter, in 1990, Saddam Hussein sought to forestall Gulf War escalation by appearing on television with ‘Western friends’ who were his hostages; three hundred sixty-five days still nearer to now, in 1991,Tim Berners Lee officially inaugurated the World Wide Web and thereby established the Age of the Internet; two years again moving toward today, in 1993, the Galileo spacecraft discovered the first case of an asteroid around which another object, or moon, rotated; three years henceforth, in 1996, Osama Bin Laden issued a ‘Declaration of War’ against the infidel nation that occupied Islam’s holy places; another thousand ninety-five days onward along time’s pathway, in 1999, in a development similar to recent viral events, New York City reported the first confirmed case of a West Nile Virus infection; two years over the hump and after the dawn of the new millennium, in 2001, the true-crime and spy-craft narrator and general stalwart of journalism, Peter Maas, came to the end of his road; eight years after that precise passage, in 2009,William Glasser died the psychological innovator whom some would label rebel; two years past that conjunction, across the Atlantic in 2011, the reign of Muammar Gaddafi came to an end in fire and terror and blood and death; an extra two year trek toward today, in 2013, a Bolivian prison riot ended in the deaths of over thirty inmates and their guards.