8.19.2016 Day in History

30 Community_garden cooperationToday around the globe is World Humanitarian Day, and in the United States commemorates National Aviation Day; minions of Roman Emperor Quintus Fabius plus-or-minus two thousand three hundred eleven years ago, dedicated the first temple to the Goddess Venus; two thousand four hundred fifty-nine years behind us, the Roman emperor known as Cesar Augustus compelled the Roman Senate to elect him Consul, thus marking a step ever closer to the end of Roman democracy; eight hundred sixty-three years ahead of today, Baldwin III of Jerusalem took control of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from his mother Melisende; four hundred four years prior to the present pass, one of the most famous witch trials in English history put three women from Lancashire on trial for their lives; three hundred fifty-four years before the present, mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal died; four years beyond that point in time, in 1666, Rear Admiral Robert Holmes led a raid on the island of Terschelling, which destroyed 150 merchant ships, an act that came to be known as “Holmes’s Bonfire”, an internecine struggle important in determining European hegemony; twenty-six years subsequently, in 1692, authorities in Salem, Massachusetts executed five women and one man as witches; two hundred three years ahead of today, upper class power broker Gervasio Posadas joined the Second Triumvirate to rise in Argentina, which ended up in bed with the English and attuned with the debt-for-bribes empire that continues to this day; twenty-six years hence, in 1839, France

from Espresso Stalinist
from Espresso Stalinist

declared Louis Daguerre’s early photo processing method as a gift to humankind; just short of a decade after that, in 1848, New York papers began to break California’s gold rush, which had actually begun in the snows of the previous January; half a dozen years henceforth, in 1854, the First Sioux War started when Army personnel killed Chief Conquering Bear and all died in a slaughter thereafter; another eight years further on, in 1862, as the Civil War exploded further East, Lakota Sioux rose up against American incursion and attacked settlers, killing scores of farmers and families; eight years even nearer to now, in 1870, the male infant who grew up to become financier Bernard Baruch was born; three hundred sixty-five days closer to now, in 1871, the pilot and engineer who was famous for co-founding the Wright Company, as well as for one of the first flights on Earth, took his last voyage; two decades and four years further on the road to today’s light and air; in 1895, American frontier murderer and outlaw John Wesley Hardin was killed in a saloon in El Paso, TX, by an off-duty policeman; one hundred fourteen years back, the boy baby who ended up being Ogden Nash came into the world; one hundred seven years behind us, the first edition of the Wobblies Little Red Song Book was published; six years later, in 1915, the child who turned into writer Ring Lardner was born; twelve months in the future, 1916, strikebreakers attacked and beat picketing IWW strikers in Everett, Washington, and when the strikers sought justice, they were arrested instead, events that culminated in November’s Everett massacre; one year train railroad railwayafter that, in 1917, some 2,000 United Railroads streetcar service workers and supporters paraded down Market Street in San Francisco in support of pay demand and against the company’s anti-union policies; two years afterward, in 1919, having fought off the British repeatedly, Afghanistan gained full independence in the treaty of Rawalpindi, and the infant who became publisher Malcolm Forbes came into the world; two additional years later, in 1921, the baby boy cried out who was soon to become Gene Roddenberry, the iconic screenwriter and producer; two years hence, in 1923, the acclaimed and controversial economist Vilfredo Pareto, both a prophet of the mechanics of inequality and a theoretician beloved by fascists, took a final breath and departed; eighty-nine years ago, Patriarch Sergius of Moscow proclaimed the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet Union; seven years further along the temporal arc, in 1930, the baby boy first gulped air who would charm the world with his teaching and his stories as Frank McCourt; six years past that conjunction, in 1936, across the Atlantic in Spain, Federico Garcia Lorca faced a death squad and gave his final verse in favor of human liberation; seven years on the dot subsequent to that point, in 1944, the city of Paris, aided by allied troops, rose up against German occupiers and forced them to retreat; three hundred sixty-five days further along the temporal road, in 1945, Viet Minh forces under Ho Chi Minh took control of Hanoi, and Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist, died; another year onward, in 1946, the baby boy who matured to become President Bill Clinton was born, and, in labor, the Maritime Trades Department of the AFL-CIO came into being; seven years beyond that to the day, in 1953, the government of Mohammed Mossadegh fell apart, as a result of CIA-and-British-Intelligence-supported conspiracies and attacks; four years more down time’s pathway, in 1956, a baby boy was born into an upper crust Central American publishing family, who would go on to clash with U.S.-backed juntas and start new grassroots publications as Jose Ruben Zamora; three years later, in 1959, the baby boy who would grow up to become the singer-songwriter and guitarist Blind Willie McTell was born; another three years closer to the current context, in 1960, the Soviet Union sentenced U-2 pilot to ten years imprisonment for spying in his overflight of Russian territory, and, also associated with the Soviet Union, the satellite Korabl-Sputnik 2 launched the satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka, forty mice, two rats, and a variety of plants; four years in addition, in 1964, in another boon for space exploration, the first geostationary communication satellite was launched; thirty-nine years back, Groucho Marx died; four years later still, in 1981, U.S. fighters destroyed two Libyan fighters over the Gulf of Sidra; two years later, copper miners in Arizona are confronted by tanks, helicopters, state troopers and National Guardsmen brought in to walk strikebreakers through picket lines in what was to become a failed union fight; twenty-seven years behind us, Polish president nominated the first non-communist prime minister in 42 years, while further North in the North Sea, British and Dutch governments raided the offshore pirate station Radio Caroline, and several hundred East Germans crossed the frontier between Hungary and Austria during the Pan-European Picnic, part of the events that begun the process of the Fall of the Berlin Wall; a decade closer to the here and now, in 1991, a coup attempt against Mikhail gorbachev russia sovietGorbachev resulted in his house arrest in Crimea; three years afterward, in 1994, Nobel Prize winning chemist Linus Pauling died; three years subsequently, in 1997, UPS and the Teamsters agreed to a contract after a 16-day strike, in what ended up being labor’s first successful nationwide strike in twenty years; fifteen years prior to today, in 2001, the South African journalist and activist Donald Woods breathed his last; a year further down the pike, in 2002, a Russian helicopter carrying Russian troops was hit by a Chechen missile outside Grozny, killing 118 soldiers; twelve years ago, a Hamas-orchestrated attack on a city bus killed 23 Israelis, and a car bomb attack in the United Nations headquarters in Iraq killed the agency’s top envoy and 21 other employees; two years further down time’s path, in 2005, the first ever joint military exercise between Russia and China begins; seven years later, in 2010, ‘Operation Iraqi Liberation’—damn, I mean ‘Operation Iraqi Freedom,’ Freedom—officially came to its supposed ‘end,’ with the withdrawal of the final combat contingent from the U.S. until new soldiers would prove necessary to dispatch.