7.07.2016 Day in History

CC BY-NC-ND by shuichiro

Today is the initial point for the celebration of the Tanabata Festival in Japan, which combines a story of separated lovers who meet on this day each year for one night, with a tradition of making wishes on paper strips and tying them to trees, and fanciers of cocoa around the globe celebrate World Chocolate Day; many thousands of miles away,eight hundred ninety-two years back, in the midst of a First Crusade in the ‘Holy Lands,’ Christian Europeans succeeded in capturing and holding Tyre, a key port into what is today Lebanon and Syria, just North of contemporary Israel; three hundred thirty-two years subsequently, in 1456, across the Mediterranean in France, a retrial of Joan of Arc found her innocent, posthumously, of the heresy that condemned her to the stake a quarter century before; sixty-four years thereafter, in 1520, four thousand miles or so West and Southwest in what is now Mexico, a art south america latin spanish aztec mexico-Cortez_y_moctezumarelatively small group of Spanish conquistadores decimated a much larger Aztec army at the Battle of Otumba and furthered the basis for an absolute conquest of Mexico; fourteen years on the dot beyond that day, in 1534, and two thousand miles or so to the Northeast, different European colonial forces made contact with indigenous Americans in New Brunswick, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; four hundred thirty-one years in advance of this point in time and space, French Protestants lost all protection or toleration as the Treaty of Nemours took effect;  fifteen years less than two centuries hence, in 1770, Russia won a decisive victory in what is now Ukraine against a much larger Ottoman force at the Battle of Larga; two hundred eighteen years ago, the United States, in the ‘XYZ Affair,’ demonstrated the real nature of its ‘revolution,’ as America rescinded its Treaty of Alliance with the French who had supported American independence, and then cooperated with its former colonial master, England, which had joined other continental powers in mandating that France must terminate its much more radically revolutionary regime; eighteen years beyond that conjunction, in 1816, well-known Irish playwright and poet Richard Sheridan made his final exit; another eighteen years afterward, in 1834, several nights of rioting occurred in New York City against abolitionist activism, outbursts that business interests dependent on slavery helped to fuel;  twelve further years beyond that juncture, in 1846, U.S. troops initiated the acquisition of California with the occupation of ‘gateway’ communities at Monterrey and Yerba Buena; three years more than a century and a half ahead of today, the United States instituted its first military draft, which permitted exemptions to those who either paid a substitute or forked over three hundred dollars, and in the New Mexican territory the military operative of empire, Kit Carson, continued his

from Espresso Stalinist
from Espresso Stalinist

depredations against Navajo and other Original Americans;  seven hundred thirty-one days onward from that, back in the District of Columbia in 1865, four conspirators in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln dropped through a gallows trap to their deaths; seventeen years past that particular point in space and time, in 1882, New York City longshoremen met to discuss how to inhibit immigrants’ scabbing and encourage their union membership; a decade afterward, in 1892, Filipinos established Katipunan, the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood, which undermined Spanish dominion and set the stage for more than a century of conflict with aspects of U.S. empire; three hundred sixty-five days henceforth; in 1893, the baby boy opened his eyes who would rise as the historian of America Herbert Feis; half a decade further along, in 1898, President McKinley finalized the annexation of Hawaii; one thousand ninety-five days in the future from that, in 1901, the creator of the beloved character text for Heidi, Johanna Spyri, breathed her last; two additional years subsequent to that passage, in 1903, the estimable Mary Harris (‘Mother’) Jones initiated a massive march of child laborers and their allies from Philadelphia to President Theodore Roosevelt’s mansion on Long Island, calling for a reduction in juvenile work weeks to 55 hours; four years subsequently on the dot, in 1907, another male infant came on the scene who would grow up to become renowned

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science fiction narrator Robert Heinlein; three years after that entry, in 1910, New York City cloakmakers initiated a huge strike for better wages and working conditions; a mere year nearer to now, in 1911, the U.S., England, Japan, and Russia instituted the first wildlife preservation treaty with a banning of all open-water seal hunting; exactly a decade and seven years beyond that juncture, in 1928, sliced bread first came on the market in Missouri; only another two years further along time’s road, in 1930, iconic mystery writer Arthur Conan Doyle made the most ‘elementary’ of exits; ten years more down the road, in 1940, a baby boy was born in England whose fate was to drum his way to fame as Beatle Ringo Starr; one more year down the road, in 1941, ‘allied’ imperial forces reoccupied Beirut and Lebanon, while in the North Atlantic the United States took oversight of Iceland from the English garrison; half a dozen years closer to now, in 1947, six thousand miles away in Western North America, an ‘alien’ spacecraft purportedly crashes near Roswell, New Mexico; two more years down the pike, in 1949, an infant girl opened her eyes who would rise as the talented performer and writer Shelley Duvall;another four  years hence, in 1953, the future doctor and revolutionary leader Ernesto Guevara

"CheHigh" by Alberto Korda - Museo Che Guevara, Havana Cuba.
“CheHigh” by Alberto Korda – Museo Che Guevara, Havana Cuba.

took an eye-opening trip on motorcycle through Central America and Northern South America; the simple span of three hundred sixty-five days later on saw the first radio play of an Elvis Presley song, “That’s All Right,” by station SF; one year even closer to the current context, in 1955, as the North Vietnamese expelled the French from Indochina, the Chinese communists announced their intention to supply aid to North Vietnam; three more years down the pike, in 1958,President Eisenhower signed Alaska’s statehood into law; another half decade further on, in 1963, U.S.-backed Vietnamese officials ordered attacks on journalists who were covering Buddhist protests in Vietnam; a decade after that, in 1973, theorist and radical writer and investigator of the Frankfurt School, Max Horkheimer, drew a final breath; eight years more in the direction of now, in 1981, Ronald Reagan appointed Sandra Day O’Connor as the first female Supreme Court Justice; seven hundred and thirty days thereafter, in 1983, a middle-schooler visited Soviet chancellor Yuri Andropov in support of peaceful relationships between the U.S.S.R and the U.S.; sixteen years still later, in 1997, the Turkish armed forces withdrew from their supporting role of Kurdish fighters against Saddam Hussein’s government in Iraq; a year beyond that anomalous phenomenon, in 1998, upwards of half a million citizens, in plus or minus sixty unions, participated in a two-day general strike to protest telecommunications privatization; just exactly seven years yet more proximate to the present pass, in 2005, suicide bombers killed themselves and fifty other people on England’s transit system, injuring the better part of a thousand people in addition to those fatalities; a year precisely thereafter, in 2006, the songwriter Syd Barrett, who helped define the early Pink Floyd sound, sang his swan song and exited.