6.23.2017 Day in History

Today is International Widow’s Day and United Nations Public Service Day, as well as a moment for traditional Midsummer’s celebration day in multiple traditions, and a Day of Remembrance for Victims of Terrorism in Canada; in the vast chaos of China’s hegemony on much of human culture a thousand seven hundred eighty-eight years ago, a learned and clever young man of power in the Central Yangtze River region, Sun Quan, successfully declared himself as Emperor of the Eastern Wu, a suzerainty that would last well over twenty years; in Japan just slightly more than ninety-six decades later, in 1180, the opening of the Samurai conflict that would ‘militarize’ imperial rule, the Genpei War, unfolded; exactly a century hence, in 1280, the Granadian Emirate for a time forestalled further advances in the Spanish Reconquista with its victory at the Battle of Moclin; on his fourth voyage to what is now Canada, Henry Hudson faced a fiercely mutinous crew on this day four hundred six years before the here and now, which resulted in his son and seven loyal shipmates’ accompanying him aboard an open boat, adrift in what is now the frozen waters of Hudson Bay, where they all disappeared without a discernible trace; seventy-two years subsequently, in 1683, a thousand miles South in the British colonies, leader of Pennsylvania William Penn signed a friendship treaty with the Lenni Lenape Indians of that realm; three decades henceforth on the dot, in 1713, back in Canada French

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Nova Scotians, who called themselves Acadians—hence the moniker, a Cajun—received a year’s notice to swear allegiance to England or abscond with themselves to other parts of the wide world; forty-four year afterward, in 1757, during one of the first worldwide capitalist meltdowns that led to planetary military conflict, a relatively small force of British troops routed a much larger Indian force at the Battle of Plassey; two hundred twenty-three years back, Russia’s Second Queen Catherine deigned to permit Jewish residents to settle in Kiev; eighteen years subsequently, in 1812, Britain sought to forestall war with the United States by equalizing trade relations; two dozen years after that point, in 1836, the political economist James Mill, whose ‘accomplishments’ included a history of India that scoffed at the notion of a Subcontinental civilization, drew a final breath; twelve years beyond that conjunction, in 1848, across the English Channel in yet another upheaval between aristocratic righteousness and new ways of doing business, the June Days uprising unfolded in Paris; an additional twelve years hence, in 1860, across the Atlantic in Washington, the United States established the Government Printing Office;eight years later, in 1868, a patent issued in the United States for a workable type-writer; just shy of two decades later still, in 1887, Canada’s Rocky Mountains Park Act created the country’s first National Park in the Banff area; seven more years closer to now, in 1894, the Kinsey family welcomed a boy who would become the renowned sexologist, Alfred Kinsey, and across the Atlantic, the International Olympic Committee takes its modern form in Paris; sixteen additional years along time’s arc, also in France in 1910, the male infant uttered a firs cry who would grow up as the surrealist playwright Jean Anouilh; seven hundred thirty-one days more along time’s arc, in 1912, another baby boy joined his mother and father, the Turings, on his way to life as the math and computer

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wizard, Alan Turing; a year thereafter, in 1913, in a prelude to World War, the Greeks defeated the Bulgarians in actions that occurred during the Second Balkan War; three hundred sixty-five days more in the direction of today, in 1914, Mexican leader Pancho Villa’s forces successfully took control of the Zacatecas region from the oversight of coup-master and assassin Victoriano Huerta; twelve years afterward, in 1926, the College Board administered the first Scholastic Aptitude Test; three years on the dot after that, in 1929, a baby girl came bouncing into the Carter Family midst whose destiny was to sing and write as June Carter until she married Johnny Cash; nine years down the pike from there, in 1938, the U.S. formed its Civil Aeronautics Authority; two years yet later on, in 1940, Adolf Hitler began his victory tour of the captured city of Paris; seven thousand miles West the next year, in 1941, a male infant gave an initial look about en route to his iconic life as the lyricist and rocker of the Grateful Dead, Robert Hunter; a mere year more on time’s forward march, in 1942, a vile event unfolds on a train from France to Auschwitz, with the first ‘selection’ of victims for the gas chamber at the death camp; an additional three hundred sixty-five days beyond that, in 1943, in a much more hopeful eventuality, a baby boy was born who would mature as ‘father-of-the-Internet,’ and leader of the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency, Vincent Cerf; three years exactly after that point, in 1946, one upshot of World War Two manifested itself as the victory of the National Democratic Front in Indian elections;  three hundred sixty five days later precisely, in 1947, around the world in the United States Senate joined the House of Representatives in helping to crush the U.S. Labor movement with a divide-and-conquer Southern strategy by upholding Truman’s veto of the Taft- Hartley Act; four years afterward, in 1951, a baby boy entered the world who would grow up as Angelo Falcón and found what would become the Latin American Policy Institute; half a decade subsequent to that passage, in 1956, France’s National Assembly enabled the protocols that would begin an erstwhile ‘French Commonwealth’ and neocolonial enclave in West Africa; three years yet later still, in 1959, convicted Manhattan Project spy and traitor Klaus Fuchs got off much easier than the Rosenbergs when he left prison after 9

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years to emigrate to East Germany and continue his scientific career; a year after that point, in 1960, the first oral contraceptive came onto the market; a year farther along the temporal arc, in 1961, the world’s ‘powers’ agreed that Antarctica would never be a site of military presence and instead would serve as a ‘laboratory for humanity;’ half a dozen years onward toward today, in 1967, Lyndon Johnson and Soviet Foreign Minister Alexei Kosygin met in New Jersey to seek some semblance of rapprochement and real politick over such matters as Vietnam and the Six Day Way; two years even closer to the current context, in 1969, International Business Machines announced that it would thereafter sell computer units and operational programs separately, thereby initiating the modern software industry; another thousand ninety-six days down the road, in 1972,  Richard Nixon could’ve used some contraceptive advice when he elected to record his plans with his Chief of Staff to obstruct the FBI investigation into the Watergate break-in, and the Civil Rights Act’s ninth Title first started its prohibition of academic sexual discrimination; five years afterward, in 1977, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration finally promulgated standards in regard to cotton dust that might at least make less likely Byssinosis—or Brown Lung Disease—among some 600,000 workers at risk; half a decade further down the road, in 1982, in Metropolitan Detroit, Vincent Chin succumbed to injuries that he received when two unemployed autoworkers, mistaking him for Japanese, beat him mercilessly in an unprovoked attack; five years past that instant, in 1987, a vastly more potent engagement with the class war against workers took place with the initial deployment of thousands of Jobs With Justice members on the picket lines of an Eastern Airlines strike action in Miami; a decade still more proximate to the present pass, in 1997, Betty Shabazz, who had married and born six daughters with Malcolm X, drew her final breath; just two years henceforth, in 1999, the majority of five thousand mill workers in Kannapolis, North Carolina, at last had the chance to affirm their intention to form a union; fifteen years thereafter, in 2014, the final batch of Syria’s acknowledged chemical weapons shipped out to designated facilities for destruction.