3.31.2017 Day in History

Today is both a day to celebrate the legacy of Cesar Chavez, and International Transgender Day of Visibility; at Medina, thirteen hundred and ninety years ago, a siege began against the forces of the prophet Muhammad; five hundred and nineteen years hence, more or less exactly, in 1146, Bernard of Clairvaux preached a renowned sermon that called for a new Crusade against Islam’s expansive power; three hundred forty-six years further along, meanwhile, in 1492, the same year that Columbus set sail for America, Spain issued its Alhambra decree that required Muslim and Jewish citizens to convert or face expulsion for the crime of having a different religion; a century and four years later, in 1596, a baby boy came screaming into the world on his way to a life as philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes; a quarter century onward in time, in 1621, a male infant entered the world who would grow up as poet and spiritual thinker Andrew Marvel; a decade beyond that pass, in 1631, the beloved English poet John Donne breathed no more; four years less than a century after that, also in England, in 1717, the Bangorian controversy unfolded as prominent English theologians began to defend the idea that neither church, nor Church, authority ought to hold sway in earthly matters, inasmuch as Jesus preached a separation of those realms; two hundred and forty-three years prior to the present pass, English authorities closed the port of Boston and sealed the fate of its loss of its colonial holdings in the Americas; thirty-five years thereafter, in 1809, a Ukrainian family brought a boy into the world who would grow up as the masterful Russian short story writer, Nikolai Gogol; thirteen years past that point, in 1822, Southwest in Europe’s Ottoman domain, imperial troops massacred residents of the Greek

"Kylix by Makron Mainade Satyros Staatliche Antikensammlungen 480BC Kat 94 02"
“Kylix by Makron Mainade Satyros Staatliche Antikensammlungen 480BC Kat 94 02”

island, Chilos, for their temerity in rising up against Turkish rule; three hundred sixty-five days yet later on, in 1823, five thousand miles away in South Carolina, a baby girl first breathed for herself en route to a life as writer and critic of slavery, Mary Boykin Chestnut; an additional fourteen years onward and upward, in 1837, English painter William Constable died; three years subsequently, in 1840, President Martin Van Buren mandated that all Federal employees who engaged in manual labor should work no more than ten hours a day; one hundred sixty-three years back, Matthew Perry signed the agreement that forced Japan to open itself to Western and especially American commerce; just a year after, in 1855, British novelist Charlotte Bronte breathed her last; eleven years subsequently, in 1866, across the Atlantic and the South American continent, Spanish Naval ships bombarded the Chilean port of Valparaiso in the opening stages of the Pacific War; eleven years after that instant, in 1877, the mathematical genius and still influential economic and philosophical theorist Antoine Augustin Cournot lived our his final day; six years henceforth, in 1883, five thousand miles West in Texas, cowboys at five huge ranches, denied access to property and the chance to accumulate their own cattle, went on strike as the wage-earners that their bosses insisted that they were; seven hundred thirty-one days afterward, in 1885, in the opening stages of the Scramble for Africa, England imposed a protectorate on Bechuanaland; four years exactly following that, in 1889, the Eiffel Tower officially opened; a decade more proximate to the present, in 1899, the United States continued its conquest of the Philippines by occupying the independence movement’s capital; seven years subsequently, in 1906, a precursor to the National Collegiate Athletic Association first began to orchestrate the business of ‘amateur’ university sporting events; three additional years in the direction of today, in 1909,  in a precursor of the struggles that would be the proximate cause of World War One, Serbia acceded to Austrian power over Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the unsinkable Titanic readied for its tragic maiden voyage; four years thereafter, in 1913, an audience that preferred melodic music rioted in Vienna at the performance of concerts by Schoenberg and other modernist composers; another year closer to today, in 1914, a Mexican boy entered the world in the usual way, on his path to life as the poet, Nobel Laureate, and humanist, Octavio Paz; three years still further on, in 1917, the United States expanded its imperial footprint with the purchase of Danish ‘properties’ in the Caribbean that became the U.S. Virgin Islands; three hundred sixty-five days in the future from that conjunction, in 1918, over ten thousand Muslim Azerbaijanis died in a massacre by Armenian and Bolshevik forces in the Russian Revolution; a farther half dozen years along time’s path, in 1924, a baby boy was born who would grow up to become the spiritual thinker and writer and teacher, Leo Buscaglia; two years hence across the Atlantic, in Britain in 1926, a male child took his first breath on the path to life as novelist and critic, John Fowles; three hundred sixty-five days subsequently, in 1927, a baby boy was the

CC BY-SA by garlandcannon

issue of campesino parents who raised him to be the great labor leader Cesar Chavez; three more years in the direction of now, in 1930, the Motion Picture Production Code became the law of the land in relation to the depictions of sexuality, political criticism, religion, and other ‘sensitive’ issues in films, and a West Virginia mountains tunnel project at Hawk’s Nest began which would sicken and kill thousands and hundreds of workers, respectively, with silicosis and otherwise; one year later on, in 1931, a boy child was born who would mature as prolific writer John Jakes; two years after that precise conjunction, in 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps began its operations in the U.S., partially to relieve the ravages of unemployment, and a little girl opened her eyes who would rise to become the beloved singer and lyricist of people’s music, Anita Carter; two years still closer to the current context, in 1935, another female infant entered our midst who would mature as popular writer, Judith Rossner; yet another year hence, in 1936,a girl child became a part of the human clan who would come to write as popular and socially democratic storyteller, Marge Piercy; half a decade more proximate to the present point, in 1941, police attempts to cross Allis-Chalmer picket lines with strike breakers failed; seven years hence, in 1948, a baby boy blinked his eyes en route to a life as the politician and thinker Al Gore; three years yet nearer to now, in 1951, the Remington Rand Corporation installed its first UNIVAC-I computer for the Census Bureau; eight years further down the pike, in 1959, the Dalai Lama fled Tibet to asylum in India; half a decade beyond that moment, in 1964, a coup in Brazil, supported by the U.S., established a fascist state that brutalized its citizens for many years; seven hundred thirty days beyond that, in 1966, the Soviet’s Luna 10 became the first craft to enter a lunar orbit; twenty years henceforth, in 1986, the crooner and songwriter, O’Kelly Isley sang his swansong; a thousand four hundred sixty-one additional days on the road to today, in 1990, more or less 200,000 Londoners went into the street to protest a newly instituted poll tax; four years after that, in 1994, Nature published findings from Ethiopia of the discovery of the first entire skull of the human ancestor Australopithecus aferensis; one year after to the day, in 1995, the U.S. withdrew from its bloody campaign in Somalia, and the wildly popular Mexican-American folksinger, Selena, died from a shooting by an employee whom she had caught embezzling money; a thousand ninety-six days along the path to now, in 1998, the Netscape Corporation made its Mozilla code available to the public as open source software; six years later and six thousand miles East in Iraq, in 2004, four mercenaries of the Blackwater Corporation died at the hands of Iraqi rebels near Baghdad.