3.10.2017 Day in History

JMW Turner: Decline of Carthaginian Empire
JMW Turner: Decline of Carthaginian Empire

Two thousand two hundred fifty-eight years ago, Roman ships sank most of the Carthaginian invaders’ fleet and thus concluded the First Punic War in Favor of the Republic; more or less exactly five hundred thirty-nine years later, in 298, yet another North African conflict ended to the Roman advantage when Maximian’s troops entered Carthage after their successes against the Berbers; three hundred eighty-eight years in advance of today, England’s first Charles Stuart began almost a dozen years of ‘Personal Rule’ with the dissolution of Parliament; a hundred six years afterward, several thousand miles Southeast in Central Asia in 1735, Nadir Shah crowned his successful defense of ‘greater Persia’ from Russian and Ottoman forces with a treaty that withdrew Moscow’s troops from Baku, in Azerbaijan; twenty-seven years hence, to the West and North through most of Europe in 1762 France, Jean Calas, a Huguenot, falsely accused and convicted of killing his son, died in the midst of official torture, which led Voltaire on a three year crusade, almost to the day, to clear his friend’s name and gain a pardon; a decade past that point in time, in 1772, a baby boy was born en route to a life as the poet, philosopher and critic, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel; thirty-two years onward from that, in 1804, a formal ceremony in St. Louis marked the ‘purchase’ of half a swamp-bayou tree southcontinent by the United States from France; six years down the road and four thousand miles Northwest across Europe, in 1810, a baby boy came squalling into the world as Scotch-Irishman Samuel Ferguson, who would mature as an Irish Republican poet of great renown; another six years hence and seven thousand miles Southwest across the Atlantic and the South American continent, in 1816, Argentine independence fighters captured royalist scouts to set up an important subterfuge in winning Chile’s and Peru’s attempts to establish nations free from Spanish dominance; not quite a decade and a half thereafter, in 1830, the Dutch supported their imperial projects in Asia with the creation of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army; eighteen years subsequently, in 1848, across the Atlantic while Europe erupted in revolt, the U.S. Senate ratified the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican-American War with the cannibalization of Mexico on behalf of the U.S.; thirteen years yet nearer to now, in 1861, Southeast across the Atlantic and through much of West Africa, forces of El Hadj Umar Tall dismantled a kingdom and imposed an early version of Jihad on animists in what is now Western Mali near the city of Segou; fifteen years further in the direction of now, in 1876, Alexander Graham Bell inaugurated the

zen Sutherland flickr
zen Sutherland flickr

telephonic era with his statement that commanded “Mr. Watson’s” presence in Bell’s lab; another decade and a half thereafter, in 1891, a Kansas funeral proprietor patented a telecommunications switch, eponymously the Strowger Switch, that laid the foundation for automated telephonic switching exchanges; still another fifteen years subsequent to that juncture, in 1906, a coal mine in Northern France experienced Europe’s worst mining disaster, with the loss of nearly eleven hundred lives, from which a wave of strikes emerged in outrage at the lack of safety precautions and rescue preparations; three more years henceforth, half a world away in 1909, what is now Thailand acceded to the 1909 Anglo Siamese Treaty and relinquished all claims on Malaysian territories that thus ended up as British protectorates; ten years more along time’s arc, in 1919, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed Eugene Debs’ conviction for the crime of speaking seditiously, as he prepared to run for President from Atlanta’s Federal Prison; three years afterward, in 1922, again nearly halfway round the world in Britain’s extensive empire, authorities similarly arrested Mohatma Gandhi for sedition against British rule; an additional fifteen years past that instant, in 1937, the Soviet expatriate writer and science-fiction creator, Yevgeny Zemyatin, died penniless in Paris; three years beyond that, in 1940, back in the Soviet Union, another occasionally dissident and often-enough lauded playwright and author, the Kiev-born Mikhail Bulgakov, breathed his last, while in the United States the male child opened his eyes who would rise as playwright and screenwriter, David Rabe; a years later still, in 1941, bus and transport workers in

"Interborough Rattled Transit Restored" by Rogers, W. A. (William Allen), 1854-1931, artist. -
“Interborough Rattled Transit Restored” by Rogers, W. A. (William Allen), 1854-1931, artist. –

New York went on strike for twelve days, paralyzing the city and inducing a more or less favorable mediation that Mayor La Guardia ordered; a thousand ninety-six days forward in time, in 1944, Greeks under Communist Party leadership organized a Political Committee of National Liberation in anticipation of driving the German occupiers from their homeland; four years more proximate to the present pass, in 1948, the author and wife of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Zelda, spent her last day on Earth; four years after that precisely, in 1952, across the Cuban Straits, Fulgencio Batista—with the backing of the CIA and business interests—took over the rule of Cuba in a coup; seven years afterward and half-a-world away, in 1959 Tibet, hundreds of thousands of protestors surrounded the Dalai Lama’s residence to prohibit his seizure by Chinese authorities; nine years hence, in 1968, with Ted Kennedy by his side, Cesar Chavez ended his month long hunger strike, a fast for nonviolence and a call for justice for farmworkers; another year even closer to the current context, in 1969, across North America in Memphis, James Earl Ray pled guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King, Jr.; another three hundred sixty-five days down the road, in 1970, the U.S. Army brought war crimes charges against Captain Ernest Medina, the highest-ranking officer court-martialed over the My-Lai massacres, though a jury subsequently found him vietnam lake waterinnocent of any crime; half a decade thereafter, in 1975, North Vietnamese forces won a key battle in their drive to overthrow the U.S. backed regime of South Vietnam; an additional five years in the direction of now, in 1980, exclusive Madeira girls school headmistress, Jean Harris, murdered her lover, the so-called ‘Scarsdale Diet Doctor;’ eleven years back, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter made its close approach to the Red Planet for its mission there; six years later, in 2012, acclaimed French graphic artist and comic book creator Jean Giraud lived out his final scene; just a short year after that, in 2013, the poet, critic, and scholar Robert Chrisman, who had founded Black Scholar, lived out his final day; another year down the road, in 2014, journalist and investigator Joe McGinnis took his last breath.