12.22.2016 Day in History

math pi algebra geometryToday is National Mathematics Day in the Subcontinent, and the final twenty-four hours of Solstice Celebrations around the globe; the third Pope who had taken the name Honorious eight hundred years ago gave his seal of approval to the Conservative order of priests that we know as Dominican; three hundred twenty-three years hence, in 1639, a baby boy came squalling into the world en route to fame as a poet and playwright whom people knew as Jean Racine; in ongoing fighting between Russians and Ottomans, the second Russo-Turkish War, two hundred twenty-six years before the here and now, Russian armies captured Izmail, a Turkish stronghold, via a frontal assault, proceeding to slaughter nearly 40,000 Muslims in what is now Odessa, Ukraine; seventeen years further along, in 1807, Congress passed a general embargo on foreign trade which sought to force France and England, through economic sanctions, both to stop kidnapping U.S. sailors to work on their fighting ships and to end the general plunder of shipping that was about to ‘trade with the enemy’ of these two European powers; exactly a year further on, in 1808, Beethoven performed two of his piano works in Vienna, after this fifth and sixth symphonies had premiered earlier in the program; a century and sixty-five years prior to the present pass, the first railroad line on the Subcontinent opened in Roorkee, India; William Tecumseh Sherman’s ‘March-to-the-Sea’ ended thirteen years civil war history dixie southsubsequently, in 1864, with the Union’s capture of Savannah; a half decade past that juncture, in 1869, a male child opened his eyes who would rise as the acclaimed poet, Edwin Arlington Robinson; eleven years later, in 1880, trailblazing British novelist and reporter George Eliot drew her final breath; the young French officer Alfred Dreyfus one hundred twenty-two years back faced a trumped-up treason conviction in France, over which years of controversy would follow worldwide; eight years thereafter, in 1902, the influential author and psychiatrist Richard Krafft-Ebing died; ninety-seven years in advance of our precise point in space and time, the United States inaugurated a ‘Red Scare’ by deporting more than 250 ‘anarchists’ to Russia, a “Christmas gift to Trotsky,” all of which came to pass in part to defuse and crush the leadership of a strike by well over a quarter million steelworkers; the young Soviet Union, still struggling to survive an invasion of many of the erstwhile Capitalist enemies and allies from World War One, three hundred sixty-six days subsequent to that moment, in 1920, issued a national plan for electrification thatUSSR_Emblem_1936 russia soviet became the model for subsequent five-year-plans in the Soviet economy; seventy-seven years ahead of today’s light and air, Muslims in what was then India and now for the most part is Pakistan proclaimed a Day of Deliverance when Islamic members of the Colonial Parliament resigned over Britain’s failure to consult their members over the alignment of India with England in World War Two; a single year down the road, in 1940, bracing and brilliant novelist and screenwriter Nathaniel West breathed his last; two years subsequently, in 1942, and half-a-world away, Adolf Hitler signed the mandate to develop a long-range missile as a flying bomb, and world-renowned anthropologist Franz Boas died; three hundred sixty-five days afterward, in 1943, the beloved children’s author Beatrix Potter’s life came to an end; one year after that, in 1944, a grassroots Vietnamese fighting force emerged in organized form to fight the Japanese, with strong Nationalist and Communist backing; five years nearer to now, in 1949, a set of twin boys entered the scene who would become the wildly popular rockers and crooners and lyricist Gibb Brothers of the Bee-Gees; just under two decades beyond that juncture, in 1968, around the world in China, edicts of the Cultural Revolution mandated that ‘young intellectuals’ come of age in rural working assignments; a decade henceforth, in 1978, at China’s eleventh Communist Party Congress, the plenum participants agreed to an extensive economic reform package that ended Mao’s mandates and led to China’s present path of industrial development; another decade afterward to the day, in 1988, a union organizer and environmental activist in Brazil named Chico Mendes died at the hand of assassins; just over a quarter century before this moment, or a year later in 1989, the opening of Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate marked the end of four decades of a divided Germany, and the Nobel Laureate poet and writer, Samuel Beckett, breathed his last; three years subsequently, in 1992, an attorney’s file search in Asuncion, Paraguay, uncovered terrorist files that documented plus-or-minus 80,000 killings and disappearances of activists and justice-advocates throughout Southern Latin America, a so-called Archives-of Terror for Operation Condor, a CIA-orchestrated campaign of mayhem and fascism that represented standard   operating procedure for U.S. economic interests among its ‘neighbors’ to the South; five years afterward, in 1997, in further evidence of such policies’ persistence, U.S.-supplied drug-baron death squads tortured and killed dozens of human-rights and community activists in the Chiapas village of Acteas; five years hence, in 2002, the drummer and songwriter from the Clash, banged out his final riff; half a dozen years even closer to the current context, in 2008, a coal ash repository in Roane County, Tennessee burst and released over four million cubic meters of toxic slurry into the environment; two years still more proximate to the present, in 2010, the U.S. military rid itself of its ‘Don’t-Ask-Don’t-Tell’ policy in regard to homosexuality in the ranks; another four years onward, in other words just three hundred sixty-five days backward in 2014, the rocker and writer Joe Cocker died.