12.16.2016 Day in History

Five hundred eighty-five years back, Henry of England the sixth notre dame church parisTudor King of that name, underwent a crowning ceremony at Notre Dame, in Paris, to become the King of France; Vasco da Gama six decades and six years subsequently, in 1497, persisted past the point at which earlier mariners had given up and rounded the Cape of Good Hope, discovering the quickest sea route to South Asia from Europe until the opening of the Suez Canal; precisely a century and a year later, in 1598, in East Asia allied Korean armies and Japanese navies conclusively defeated Chinese forces in the Seven Year War, establishing an ongoing tripolar power dynamic in the strategic region that, off and on, has continued to the present; 1689 three hundred twenty-seven years before the here-and-now, the English Parliament passed a Bill of Rights that established the powers of the British legislature vis a vis the crown; eighty-one years later, in 1770, the infant destined to become one of the greatest composers and musicians in history, Ludwig van Beethoven, came into the world; two hundred forty-three years ahead of our current time, Boston-area residents dressed as Native Americans boarded boats in Boston Harbor to dump masses of crated tea into the sea as a protest against the Tea Act; two years after that, in 1775, the baby girl uttered her first cry who would later publish a string of popular novels as Jane Austen; South of St. Louis thirty-six years thereafter, in 1811, one of the strongest earthquakes in U.S. history struck near the town of New Madrid, Missouri, the effects of which extended five hundred miles or more in every direction; sixteen years forward from there, just a bit Southwest in what is now East Texas in 1826, an erstwhile Gringo warlord ‘invaded’ Nacogdoches, Texas and claimed himself ruler over the Mexican-controlled territory; another dozen years later on in 1838, European Afrikaners defeated Zulu fighters at the Battle of Blood River, en route to dominance of Southern Africa; Wilhelm Grimm, the folklorist and publisher of anthologies of fairy tales, culminated his life twenty-one years further along, in 1859, seven thousand miles North in Central Europe; four years afterward, in 1863, the baby boy was born who grew up to become Spanish philosopher George Santayana; an infant male came into the world a thousand ninety-six days hence, in 1866, who would grow up to become painter and thinker Vassily Kandinsky; fourteen years hence, in 1880, the First Boer War breaks out between the Boer South African Republic and the British Empire; three years even later, in 1883, French forces captured the Sơn Tây citadel; one hundred seventeen years prior to the present pass, the baby boy destined to become the beloved English actor, playwright, and composer Noël Coward uttered his first cry; one hundred sixteen years ago, the infant was born who matured as novelist and literary philosopher V.S. Pritchett, and the increasingly bourgeois ‘labor leader,’ Samuel Gompers, fostered the creation of a National Civic Federation, which sought a cooperation between capital and labor that resembles what many supposed union leaders today would like to see; a single year hence, in 1901, the baby girl entered the world who would to on to become renowned anthropologist Margaret Mead; half a dozen years navy war militarysubsequent to that conjunction, in 1907, a “Great White” fleet of U.S. battleships embarked on a round-the-world cruise to demonstrate the global military potential of the United States; seven years after that dramatic juncture, the great American tribal leader and educator who lived his life as American Horse died; four years still closer to today’s light and air, in 1912, the Greek Navy defeated the Ottoman Navy during the First Balkan War; half a decade more proximate to the present day, in 1917, a male baby shouted out from his birthplace in the subcontinent on his way to the life and times of creative genius in many fields, Arthur C. Clarke, and a baby girl came along in standard fashion in Chicago whose privileged roots let her establish a worldwide foundation in favor of adult literacy as Ruth Johnson Colvin; one year exactly subsequently, in 1918, leaders of Lithuania declared the country a Socialist Soviet Republic; ninety-five years ago, the baby boy first looked around him on his way to becoming Eulalio Gonzales, beloved Mexican singer-songwriter, director, producer, and screenwriter; seven years henceforth, in 1928, an infant boy took his first breath on his way to becoming Philip K. Dick, acclaimed storyteller and science-fiction aficionado; two years hence, in 1930, bank robber Herman Lamm and members of his crew were killed by a 200-strong posse, following a botched bank robbery, in Clinton, Indiana; six years further along from that moment, in 1936, a baby boy was born who would become famed civil rights leader and attorney against the Ku Klux Klan, Morris Dees; across the Atlantic two years thereafter on the dot, in 1938, a female infant opened her eyes en route to a stellar career as the screenwriter and performer and producer, Liv Ullman; four years closer still to today, in 1942, Heinrich Himmler ordered the extermination of people of Roma descent; a team of researchers at Bell Labs five years after that point in time and space, in 1947, working on both government and private contracts, completed their development of the first practical solid state transistor prototype; three years down the line, in 1950, U S President Harry S Truman declared a state of emergency, after Chinese troops entered the fight in support of communist North Korea; General William Westmorland fifty-one years prior to the present pass called for almost 250,000 additional troops from his superior, Secretary of the Department of Defense Robert McNamara, and British writer W. Somerset Maugham died; three years precisely after that, in 1968, the Catholic Church officially rescinded its four centuries old order to expel all Jews from Spain; Pakistan suffered a twin defeat three years farther along time’s road, in 1971, when East Pakistan successfully declared its independence as Bangladesh and India won the war between the forces of Islamabad and the armies of the Subcontinent; six years onward from that instant, in 1977, half a world away in a little Minnesota town, eight female bank tellers spontaneously initiated the first strike ever in the U.S. against a bank, protesting wages as low as only half what male clerks earned; in the first metropolitan loan default since the Great Depression, three hundred sixty-five days later, in 1978, Cleveland declared bankruptcy and an inability to repay its loans and bonds; three hundred sixty-five years afterward, in 1979, Libya joined four other OPEC nations in raising crude oil prices; a year shy of two decades later to the hour, in 1998, novelist and critic William Gaddis died; seven more years past that conjunction, in 2007, poet and songwriter Dan Fogelberg breathed his last; a further six years nearer to now, in 2013, the songwriter and crooner Ray Price died; two years back, Pakistani militants attacked an Army Public School in Peshawar.