12.07.2016 Day in History

war planes Flugzeuge Junkers Ju 87So as to avoid chauvinist idiocy, citizens today should limit themselves to celebrating International Civil Aviation Day; in Rome two thousand fifty-nine years ago, the mighty orator and organizer and political thinker, Cicero, died at the hands of assassins; one thousand four hundred forty-two years prior to the present pass, the Byzantine Emperor Justin II retured due to recurring seizures of insanity, abdicating his throne in favor of Tiberius; two hundred ninety-two years ahead of this day, the execution of nine Protestant and the major of the Polish town of Thorn caused much tumult; fifty-two years afterward, in 1776, the Marquis de Lafayette entered the American military as a major general so as to further the cause of the rebels; eleven years later, in 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the United States Constitution; one hundred and fifty-four years ahead of today, United States forces battled Confederates early in the Mississippi river campaign at Prairie Grove, Arkansas; seven years hence, in 1869, in a continuation of the violence that the Civil War engendered, Jesse James robbed his first bank nearby in Gallatin, Missouri; four years more proximate to the current context, in 1873, the baby girl entered our midst who would grow up as the acclaimed writer and novelist, Willa Cather; one hundred twenty-eight years back, the baby boy was born who would mature as the founder of The Newspaper Guild; eight years closer to today, in 1896, steam boiler operators from 11 cities across the country met in Chicago to form the National Union of Steam Engineers of America, the forerunner to the International Union of Operating Engineers; six years thereafter, in 1902, the brilliant cartoonist and sketch artist, Thomas Nast, drew his final assignment and passed away; four years still closer to today, in 1906, the Swiss peace activist and early recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, Elie Ducommun, had his final scene on Earth; twenty two years beyond that conjunction, in 1928, the male infant cried out en route to a long life as the thinker and activist for humanity and linguistics scholar, Noam Chomsky; two years after that instant, on the dot, in 1930, the CBS radio outlet in Boston broadcast the first video telecast, sponsored for its upper-crust audience by a fur coat company; three hundred sixty-five days beyond that pass, in 1931, over 1,500 protesters marched through the streets of Washington to demand unemployment insurance as a bulwark against hunger; ten years further along, in 1941, for one reason and another, a ‘day that will in infamy’ unfolded as the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor; a mere year after that dramatic event, in 1942, the baby boy destined to become iconic American guitar music art performancesinger-songwriter Harry Chapin first opened his eyes; three hundred sixty-five days farther down time’s road, in 1943, the female baby came along who would rise as the essayist, editor, novelist, and screenwriter Susan Isaacs; three years nearer to now, in 1946, the Nobel Peace Prize recipient and philosophy professor Nicholas Murray Butler died, and over in Atlanta, Georgia, a terrible fire at the Winecoff Hotel killed 119 people, the deadliest hotel fire in US history; an additional year down the pike, in 1947, Nobel Prize laureate philosopher Nicholas Murray Butler met his end; two years subsequent to that point in time, in 1949, the forces of the Chinese communists drove the nationalist thugs out of China, and back in America, the infant first cried out on his way to becoming the epic singer-songwriter Tom Waits; fourteen years after that, in 1963, in a minor footnote to media history, instant replay made its football debut; seven hundred thirty-one days still later on, in 1965, the heads of the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches reversed mutual excommunications that had been in place for a thousand and eleven years; half a decade subsequent to that moment, in 1970, the estimable and iconic cartoonist, sculptor, and author Rube Goldberg created his last machine; two years thereafter, in 1972, the final American moon mission launched, taking the famed ‘blue marble’ photograph in transit; three years past that moment, in 1975, German Chancellor Willy Brandt accepted German responsibility for its role in the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, and the brutal carnage of the Indonesian attack on its own people in East Timor began, and the beloved American writer, Thornton Wilder, drew a final breath; a decade subsequently, in 1985, the thinker, writer, and maven of language, Robert Graves, lived out his final day; three years further in the future from that juncture, in 1988, Yasser Arafat led the PLO in acknowledging the right of the Israeli state to exist; fifteen years later, in 1995, the Galileo spacecraft arrived in Jupiter, a little more than six years after it was launched by Space Shuttle Atlantis; four years after that, in 1999, the music label A & M Records sued Napster for theft of intellectual property; another decade henceforth, in 2009, three organizations of registered nurses came together to form National Nurses United, with 150,000 members the largest group of organized RN’s in U.S. history; a year afterward, in 2010, the political leader, attorney, and writer Elizabeth Edwards breathed her last, and another half decade further on, in 2015, the JAXA probe Akatsuki successfully entered orbit around Venus five years after the first attempt.