11.18.2016 Day in History

One thousand six hundred and fifteen years ago, Visigothic fighters, having learned their lessons about butchery from Roman Imperial troops, crossed the Alps to enter Italy; nine hundred twenty-one years behind us, the Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II, led to the First Crusade’s beginning; two centuries and seven years past that fateful moment, in 1302, another Pope issued another history-changing edict when he authored the Papal bull that claimed spiritual supremacy for the papacy; a half decade later, in 1307, legend has it that William Tell shot an apple off his apple fruit food gmoson’s head; one hundred fourteen years after that iconic moment, in 1421, a busted dike in the Netherlands caused the flooding of 72 villages and the death of over 10,000 people; seventy-two years later, in 1493, a distant offspring of that earlier invasion continued the tendency to ‘expand’ when the ships under Christopher Columbus’ command first caught sight of what we now know as Puerto Rico; Ottoman imperial troops a century and eight years hence, in 1601, smashed Austrian forces at the Siege of Nagykanizsa; the future Frederick the Great, under house arrest two hundred eight-six years prior to the present pass, gained his freedom from prison after a royal pardon; two hundred twenty-nine years ahead of now, the baby boy was born who would, as Louis Daguerre, lay the foundation for the art and science of photography; two hundred thirteen years prior to the present pass, the completion of the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, the Battle of Vertieres, led to the establishment of the first Black republic in the Western Hemisphere; six years closer to today, in 1809, French frigates during the Napoleonic Wars defeated British-loyal forces in the Bay of Bengal; one hundred eighty-six years ago, the German philosopher and founder of the notorious organization Illuminati breathed his last; eight years along the temporal path, in 1838, a male child uttered a first cry in England en route to fame an fortune as the W.S. Gilbert half of a wildly successful operetta partnership; the future journalist and reformer Dorothea Dix came on the scene as a healthy baby girl twenty-three years thereafter, in 1861; Mark Twain first published “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” four years past that conjunction in 1865, initiating his rise as a literary wit; one hundred thirty-eight years prior to today, the Soprano Marie Selika Williams became the first Black artist to perform at the White House; half a decade past that point, in 1883, corporate railroad giants instituted the time zones that still watch technology apple timebasically demarcate the time of day in North America; another eighteen years after that moment, in 1901 precisely, the baby boy—what were the chances?—who would become famed statistician and polling wizard George Gallup was born, and Britain and the U.S. Signed the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, which withdrew the last objections to American controls in Panama; two years beyond that point in time, in 1903, another treated was signed by the United States which successfully sold of the Panama Canal Zone to American imperial interests; three years hence, in 1906, a baby male opened his eyes who would mature as the respected biologist, teacher, and social thinker, George Wald; just one more year after that, in 1907, the Cuban infant first sang out who would become the beloved and world famous songwriter and singer, Compay Segundo; two years subsequent to that instant in time, in 1909, the U.S. sent two warships to intervene in Nicaragua after a relatively small force of ‘revolutionaries’ threatened the United-States-installed dictator, Jose Santos Zelaya, and the male child took an initial breath on his way to a life as crooner and record producer, Johnny Mercer; ten years guitar music art performanceafterward to the day, in 1919, printers in Seattle practice some creative censorship in refusing to produce a page that had an anti-organized-labor advertisement on it; three more years along time’s arrow, in 1922, the renowned novelist and stylist Marcel Proust drew his last breath; George Bernard Shaw refused the monetary portion of his Nobel Prize four years henceforth, in 1926, claiming that the invention of dynamite was more forgivable than the creation of a Nobel Prize for Literature; two years subsequently, across the Atlantic in 1928, Walt Disney released Steamboat Willie, the first cartoon with fully integrated audio, which also marked the ‘birthday’ of Mickey Mouse; John L. Lewis a further ten years nearer to now, in 1938, became the first President of the Congress of Industrial Organizations; a year later to the day, in 1939, a baby girl entered the world who would compose the acclaimed work of Margaret Atwood; half a decade farther onward, in 1944, Cuban young people and their advisers inaugurated the Popular Socialist Youth organization in their country, where the likes of Fidel Castro gained ideas and perspectives that affected their later work; a year subsequent to that passing moment, in 1945, an indigenous North American female infant entered the world who would mature as the tribal leader and innovator for justice, Wilma Mankiller; three hundred sixty-five days further along the road, in 1946, a male child cried out on his first day on his path to working as the prolific writer and creator of science fiction and fantasy, Alan Dean Foster; three years even more proximate to the present pass, in 1949, five thousand miles Southeast in an even more colonially repressive environment, British Colonial Authorities in Nigeria gunned down over twenty coal miners who were seeking to get unpaid wages, in the process of which several score additional miner suffer gunshot wounds; not quite another decade after that day, in 1958, back in North America, over thirty Merchant Marine sailors died in the sinking of the Carl Bradley on Lake Michigan; three more years later on, in 1961, John F. Kennedy authorized the dispatch of 18,000 military advisers to South Vietnam; three hundred sixty-five days nuclear science atomonward toward today, in 1962, one of the architects of the Modern Nuclear Project, Niels Bohr, breathed his last; three years closer to now, in 1965, Henry Wallace, the imperialistic politician and 33rd Vice President of the United States, earned his final reward; five years subsequently, in 1970, the same conflict led Richard Nixon to request $150 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government; half a dozen years later still, in 1976, legendary photographer and stylist Man Ray died; another two years closer to the current context, in 1978, after Jonestown ‘defenders’ assassinated Congressman Leo Ryan, Jim Jones directed his followers to drink cyanide and kill themselves, in a mass murder-suicide that claimed the lives of nearly a thousand people in Guyana, including nearly two hundred children; Ronald Reagan ten years later exactly, in 1988, authorized the death penalty for drug traffickers; five years after that, in 1993, South Africa’s political parties unanimously decreed expanding voting rights and ending White minority hegemony, and in the United States, the North American Free Trade Agreement was approved by the House of Representatives, sealing the fate of millions of workers worldwide; six years still later, in 1999, the celebrated Paul Bowles, who delighted many with his music and words, wrote his last melody; three years still afterward, in 2002, United Nations weapons inspectors arrived in Iraq, during the disarmament crisis; twelve months still later, in 2003, Massachusetts became the first state to decry the ban on homosexual marriage, which eventually led to the legality of same-sex marriages; three years back, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration launched its MAVEN probe toward Mars, where it has recently arrived and landed.