11.16.2016 Day in History

Hands solidarity diversity cooperationToday around the globe marks a commemoration of an International Day for Tolerance; as a member of an invasion force and Ninth Crusade, seven hundred forty-four years ago, England’s Prince Edward became putative King of the Realm when a Third Henry died, though Edward did not come home for two more years; five hundred twenty-five years prior to the present pass, in Central Spain near Avila , a famous case of a child’s purported sacrifice by Jewish occultists led to the murder of Hebraic and converso locals whom official inquisitors tortured prior to their crucifixion; just over four decades subsequently, in 1532, Spaniards under the direction of Francisco Pizarro capture an Incan Emperor en route to carrying out genocide and enslavement in pursuit of precious metals and other plunder; two hundred forty-four years later, in 1776, during the American Revolution, the Dutch United Provinces recognized the independence of the United States;  two hundred and twenty-three years in advance of today, ninety reactionary Catholic clerics suffered execution by drowning in Nance at the hands of agents of the Revolution; twenty-nine years closer to now, in 1822, during the time of the American Old West, Missouri trader William Becknell arrived in Santa Fe, New Mexico, over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail; six years still nearer to today, in 1828, during the Greek War of Independence, the London Protocol entailed the creation of an autonomous Greek state under Ottoman suzerainty, encompassing the Morea and the

CC BY-NC by ThomasThomas

Cyclades; twenty-one years later, in 1849, the Russian Czarist court sentenced a rebellious young Fyodor Dostoevsky to death, though thankfully the authorities commuted that judgment before the world lost this genius; six years still more proximate to the present pass, in 1855, David Livingstone became the first European to see the Victoria Falls in what is now Zambia – Zimbabwe; two years still later, in 1857; twenty-four Victoria Crosses were awarded, the most in a single day, during the second relief of Lucknow; thirty-two years hence, in 1889, the baby boy was born who would grow up as the playwright and theater impresario, George F. Kaufman; one and a half decades in the future, in 1904, British technologists defended their patent for a thermionic vacuum tube, thus establishing the basis for a viable electronics mass communication industry and many related consumer appliances; three years subsequently, in 1907, five thousand miles to the Southwest, the state of Oklahoma came into being as a conglomeration of ‘Sooner’ land and Indian territory, and a male infant first shouted out en route to a career as the long-lived and well-loved performer, screenwriter, and filmmaker, Burgess Meredith; seven years henceforth, in 1914, the financial class consolidated its rule over U.S. money and fiscal policy with the formal opening of the Federal Reserve; eight years in the future from that conjunction, in 1922 in Portugal, a baby male

CC BY-NC-ND by Tomé Jorge

entered our midst whose destiny entailed a late start in writing iconic novels that won him the Nobel Prize; half a decade more beyond that moment in time, in 1927, America’s Bituminous Coal Association obtained an injunction in attempting to crush organizing and action by rebellious mine workers; ten hundred ninety-six days more proximate to the present, in 1930, five thousand miles Southeast in Nigeria, the male child entered the world in standard fashion who would mature as the voice of a people and storyteller for the world, Chinua Achebe; eight years still closer to today’s light and air; Albert Hoffman first synthesized Lysergic acid diethylamide in Basel; two years beyond that, in 1940, in one of the first acts of the Holocaust, the Nazis closed off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world; three years further along the temporal arc, in 1943, U.S. strategic bombers destroyed a heavy water facility in Norway that was crucial to Nazi plans to create a nuclear weapon; seven hundred thirty-one nearer to now, in 1945, the United Nations formed its educational scientific and cultural organization; another year more down the pike, in 1946, the baby boy took a first breath who would rise up as the ethnobotanist and fiery opponent of ‘wars’ on plants Terence McKenna; a mere year beyond that moment in time, in 1947, Giuseppe Volti, the politician and businessman who founded the Venice Film Festival, drew his last breath; one additional years after that, in 1948, a baby girl was born into a classical music family who would become the famed and talented crooner, lyricist, and musical genius, Chi Coltrane, and another musical birth took place when Glenn Frey, the baby boy who would grow up to be songwriter and the frontman for the Eagles, Glenn Frey, first opened his eyes; forty-three years back, the renowned thinker and critic Alan Watts played out his final scene; one year

CC BY-SA by barsen

later still, in 1974, the Arecibo Radio Telescope array in Puerto Rico beamed a message to possible neighbors twenty-five thousand light years away; eight years even closer to our moment in time, in 1982, the National Football League Players Association led gridiron professionals on a nearly two month strike against a system in which only owners had any power to act or expectation of profit; half a dozen years thereafter, in 1988, populist candidate Benazir Bhutto was elected as the Prime Minister of choice for the Pakistani nation in the first open elections held in more than a decade; precisely seven more years thereafter, in 1989, U.S.-trained death squad leaders instruct their troops to murder six Jesuits at El Salvador’s Jose Simeon Canas University, twenty-six years back, the pop group Milli Vanilli lose their Grammy Award because they did not sing at all on their award-winning album Girl You Know It’s True album, for which only session musicians provided the music.