11.10.2016 Day in History

nuclear science atomVia the United Nations Education, Scientific, & Cultural Organization, today is World Science Day for Peace and Development, while Turkey remembers Ataturk and Panama a Cry for Independence on this date; UNESCO’s commemoration is extant despite the fact—of which thousands similar exist for every hour of every day since Homo Sapiens Sapiens have been ambling about—that eight hundred fourteen years ago, the third Pope Innocent futilely forbade participants in the Fourth Crusade from besieging and conquering a Catholic city that now bears the name Zadar, in Croatia; two hundred forty-two years subsequently, in 1444, a Polish-Hungarian proto-crusader and his army engaged a force of Ottoman Turks at Varna, where Sultan Murad’s soldiers decimated the Christians and killed Vladislaus himself; thirty-nine years thereafter, in 1483, the baby boy took his first breath on the way to becoming radical reformer Martin Luther; illustrating that peaceable Scandinavia was not always—or ever—so, four hundred ninety-six years before the here and now, a Danish invader of Sweden continued the Stockholm Bloodbath, executing scores of victims of his victory against an inevitable Swedish independence; sixty years later, to the day, in 1580, England’s armies concluded a three day siege in Ireland by beheading over six hundred combatants and civilians; Rene Descartes had vivid dreams three just a year under four decades beyond that, in 1619, laying the

Descartes Magnetic Field
Descartes Magnetic Field

basis for Meditations on First Philosophy; four decades hence on the nose, in 1659, an early iteration of ‘India-Pakistan’ conflicts unfolded with the Maratha defeat of Islamic forces and the death in the battle of Pratapgarh of Afzal Khan; precisely a decade and a half further along time’s arc, in 1674, the Netherlands ceded to England what was to become New York City, part of the settlement package, so to speak, of the Anglo-Dutch War; three hundred fourteen years back, English colonists under the command of James Moore besieged Spanish St Augustine during Queen Anne’s War; twenty-three years further on, 1697, the end of the mortal sojourn for genius artist and social commentator William Hogarth occurred; thirty-one years past that moment in time meanwhile, in 1728, the boy child was born who developed into notable playwright and writer Oliver Goldsmith; a baby male entered the world in the usual fashion twenty-one years henceforth, in 1759, en route to becoming monumental German poet, Friedrich Schiller; New Jersey’s final colonial governor seven years later on, in 1766, signed into law the creation of Queen’s

"Old Queens Rutgers" by Original uploader was Rickyrab Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons
“Old Queens Rutgers” by Original uploader was Rickyrab Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

College, now named Rutgers; eleven years closer to today, in 1977, the American tribal chief spent his last day on earth; as foreign as the notion is in this age of the elevation of irrationality to the heights of logos, two hundred twenty-three years back,  the French Convention proclaimed a Goddess of Reason; eight years still closer to now, in 1801, the baby boy destined to become physician Samuel Gridley Howe uttered his first cry; nine years subsequent to that, in 1810, the English plumber , George Jennings, to whom we all owe the luxury of flushing toilets, was born; eleven years still more proximate to the present, in 1821, in a reverse move of what transpired at the beginning of the twentieth century, Panama declared its independence from Spain and joined Colombia; the commandant of the Andersonville prisoner of war facility in Georgia dropped through the gallows floor one hundred fifty-one years to the present pass,  the only soldier who died for war crimes during the Civil War; three years even closer to now, in 1868, the infant destined to become Gichin Funakashi, the founder of the martial arts discipline Shotokan, spent his first day on earth; three years thereafter and seven thousand miles Southeast, in 1871, the Journalist Henry Stanley ended his search near what is now Lake Tanganyika for the elusive explorer Dr. David Livingston, a case of imperial travelogues set to dramatic narratives; eight additional years farther along, in 1879, the child who grew into poet Vachel Lindsay was born, and so was Patrick Pearse, the Irish lawyer, poet, and teacher who was executed for his role in the Easter Rising; yet eight years more after that, in 1887, back in the United States, the falsely convicted Haymarket martyr, Louis Lingg, committed suicide by exploding a dynamite cap in his mouth; four more years down the pike, in 1891, the controversial and brilliant poet Arthur Rimbaud breathed his last; seven years subsequent to that event, in 1898, across the wide Atlantic, citizens of the City of Wilmington, on North Carolina’s coast, rose up and overthrew the municipal government in the only such insurrection so far in U.S. history, almost socialist or communistic in its orientation and goals of social equality and nondiscrimination; ninety-eight years back, the Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia, received a top-secret coded message from Europe that said that on November 11 all fighting would cease on land, sea, and air; the first annual convention of the American Legion took place just one year more along the temporal path, in 1919, ending a few days hence on the day following the previous year’s armistice in World War One; fourteen years in closer touch with the now, in 1933, an independent union of meatpacker in Minnesota conducted the first recorded sit-down strike, which the workers soon enough won; seventy-eight year prior to today, the baby boy destined to become the authoritarian first president of Turkey, Mustafa Ataturk first cried out; exactly one year after that conjunction, in 1939, an infant male was born who grew up to become author and Native American activist Russell Means, facing imprisonment for his efforts; half a decade beyond that instant, in 1944, the ammunition ship USS Mount Hood exploded at Seeadler Harbour, killing over 400; three years later, in 1947, the infant came into the world on his way to becoming Dave Loggins, American singer-songwriter; with the inception of the North American Numbering Plan four years later still, in 1951, transcontinental direct dialing became regularly available in the United States; a baby boy came into the nine years nearer to now, in 1960, to mature into the popular author, illustrator, and fabulist Neil Gaiman; a year further on, in 1961, Joseph Heller’s Catch-22, with a cover designed by Paul Bacon, was published; yet another eight years onward, in 1969, National Educational Television—PBS’s predecessor—introduced Sesame Street for the first time; three years in the future from that, in 1972, a Southern Airways flight in Birmingham suffered a hijacking that threatened a crash into the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and then ended up in Cuba, where authorities promptly arrested the pirates for terrorism; another three years later still, in 1975, inspiring a song full of loss and longing, the huge ore ship Edmund Fitzgerald sunk on Lake Superior, and the United Nations issued a resolution, later withdrawn, that condemned Zionism as a form of racism; eight years even closer to the current context, in 1983, Bill Gates and his programmers issued the first iteration of the ubiquitous operating software, Windows I; six years later to the day, across the sea in 1989, German citizens began dismantling the Berlin wall; another six years hence, in 1995, Nigeria hung playwright and author Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other activists for the ‘crime’ of advocating for ethnic Ogoni people’s rights; two years later, in 1997, WorldCom and MCI Communications announced a $37 billion merger; one further set of half-a-dozen years afterward, in 2001, the merry-prankster and scribe Ken Kesey died; again six years further along, in 2007, ‘tough-customer’ wordsmith Normal Mailer breathed his last, on the same day that King Juan Carlos, upset at Hugo Chavez’s forceful interruptions of speeches on political grounds, insulted the Venezuelan leader at a conference in Chile, “Por que no te callas?”