11.04.2016 Day in History

russia church religion orthodox st petersburgToday is Unity Day in Russia and National Unity and Armed Forces Day in Italy; five hundred eighty-seven years ago, Joan of Arc led forces in the liberation of Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier in her fight for France; Spain nearly razed and then captured Flanders as part of the Eighty Years’ War four hundred forty years before the present pass-1576; the self-named Tupac Amaru two hundred four years later, in 1780, led a first uprising in the Peruvian rebellion against Spain; three years hence, in 1783, the premiere to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s famous Symphony No. 36 took place in Linz, Austria; eight years after that, in 1791, Western Confederation Native Americans won a significant victory over United States forces at the Battle of the Wabash in the Northwest Territory land that became Indiana; seven years even closer to now, in 1798, the Russo-Ottoman siege begins in Corfu; one hundred seventy-seven years prior to today, the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain; 

James Simpson, an English doctor, one hundred sixty-nine years ahead of today discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform; as a Territorial University, the institution that became the University of Washington began operation fourteen years later, in 1861; seven years later, in 1868, the town of Camaguey in Cuba revolted against Spain during the Ten Years’ War; eleven years thereafter, in 1879, an infant male who took the name Will Rogers and went on to become an acclaimed actor, humorist, and screenwriter was born; eight years subsequent to that point, in 1887, the scion of wealth was born who would become the billionaire financier and supporter of nuclear research Alfred Lee Loomis; in England, three years yet later on, in 1890, London’s first deep underground subway opened; twenty-two years further on from that point, in 1912, the First Battle of Catalca began, a skirmish which was an attempt by Bulgaria to break through the last defensive line before the Turkish capital Constantinople; just four years hence, in 1916, the baby boy who would become Walter Cronkite, the journalist who for many years was a ‘voice of America,’ was born; two years closer to now, in 1918, the English lieutenant and poet Wilfred Owen wrote his last verse; half a decade past that conjunction, in 1921, across the ocean in Germany, comrades of Hitler assaulted those in a Munich crowd who had opposed his speech; three hundred sixty-five days further on, in 1922, a British archaeological team entered King Tutankhamun’s Tomb in Egypt; two years subsequently, in 1924, the Wyoming politician Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming was the first female governor elected in the United States; nine years more proximate to the present pass, in 1933, striking dairy farmers in Wisconsin gathered, three thousand strong, to protest low prices and demand the release of jailed strike leaders; seventy-seven years back, the U.S. government began to follow the rules of the Neutrality Act, which allowed belligerents to buy weapons on a ‘cash-and-carry’ basis; one year afterwards, in 1940, the baby boy opened his eyes on his way to becoming Delbert McClinton, the American singer-songwriter; six years subsequently, in 1946, another auspicious birth happened when the baby boy destined to become Robert Mapplethorpe, the iconic photographer, was born; six years hence in 1952, the United States formed the National Security Agency; four years later, in 1956, Soviet troops invaded Hungary in order to crush the uprising that had begun there earlier in October against Russian rule; three years beyond that moment in time, in 1959, the infant first cried out on his way to becoming the illustrious mathematician, physicist, and philosopher Friedrich Waismann; Jane Goodall one year henceforth, in 1960, in Tanzania was the first observer to view chimpanzees in the act of making tools; the United States two years subsequently, in 1962, exploded a thermonuclear nuke nuclear explosion holocaustweapon at 69,000 feet above the Pacific Ocean in order to demonstrate an anti-missile capacity, the last atmospheric test of the sort that the U.S. conducted; seven years even further on, in 1969, the American rapper, producer, and actor Sean Combs was born; one year afterward, in 1970, seven thousand miles Eastward across the Pacific, Salvador Allende became the first elected socialist in the Western Hemisphere, assuming the Presidency of Chile; Iranian militants not quite a decade nearer to now, in 1979, stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehran, taking nearly a hundred hostages and initiation a crisis in relations between Iran and the United States; the world’s first conference that dealt with the commercial potential of the World Wide Web occurred in San Francisco a decade and half beyond that, in 1994; another year closer to the current context, in 1995, a fascist Israeli assassin killed the Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and French post-modern philosopher Gilles Deleuze died of natural causes; a single year thereafter, in 1996, over six thousand striking steelworkers won a two year battle, getting their jobs back from scabs and ending the imposition of twelve hour days on their shifts; twelve years onward from that, in 2008, Barack Obama became the first U.S. President of African ancestry; five years ago, the beloved author, critic, journalist, and television personality Andy Rooney breathed his last.