10.28.2016 Day in History

CC BY-NC-ND by infelix
CC BY-NC-ND by infelix

In the Czech Republic and Slovakia, today is a moment to remember a Day of the Establishment of an Independent Czecho-Slovak State, and all over the globe is also International Animation Day; during the Battle of Milvian Bridge, seventeen hundred and four years back, the emperor Constantine’s armies defeated Maxentius, thus becoming the sole Roman emperor of the West; one hundred forty-four years after that illustrious moment in time, in 456, the Visigoths brutally sacked the Suebi’s capital of what is now known as Portugal; Byzantine forces one thousand forty-seven years ago captured the outlying fortifications around Antioch, at the border of modern Syria and Turkey, in preparation for occupying the city three days hence; six hundred seventy-two years before the here and now, in another wave of such contention and conflict, Crusaders captured Smyrna, in what is now Turkey; three quarters of a century and one year henceforth, in 1420, Beijing became the Ming Dynasty capitol, more or less simultaneously as Ming builders completed the construction of the Forbidden City there as a seat of government; boats under the command of Christopher Columbus just two years beyond seven Columbus_landing_on_Hispaniola_adjdecades later, in 1492, first happened upon the islands of Cuba; five centuries ahead of today, Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeated the Mamluks near Gaza; the first institution of higher learning in the Western Hemisphere opened four hundred seventy-eight years prior to the present pass on the Island that now includes the Dominican Republic and Haiti; nine decades subsequently, in 1628, Huguenots surrendered to French Catholic forces at New Rochelle; eight years thereafter, in 1636, across the Atlantic, Massachusetts Court officials acceded to the founding of the college that became Harvard; sixty-seven years henceforth, the English mathematician and cryptographer popped his clogs; three centuries and twelve years ahead of today, John Locke breathed his last; two hundred forty-one years back, as the American British colonies slid toward open war, England’s military orders forbade residents from leaving Boston; thirty-three years later on, 1818, Abigail Adams, wife of the second President, died; one hundred eighty-one years before this point in time, Maori indigenous people in New Zealand declared their ‘nationhood,’ impelled by British diplomatic efforts to freeze out French incursions; the first Spanish railroad, with its terminus in Barcelona, started operations during the revolutionary year that took place thirteen years further on, in 1848; in New York Harbor a hundred thirty years back, President Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue of Liberty; the premier

CC BY-NC by onbangladesh

performance of Tchaikovsky’s Pathetique symphony took place seven years afterward, in 1893, in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer took his own life; another six years closer to the current context, in 1899, the inventor of the media-and-news-transforming linotype machine, Ottmar Merganthaler, ended his days; four years still nearer to the present day, in 1903, the infant boy who grew up to become writer and critic Evelyn Waugh uttered his first cry; eleven years subsequent to that moment, in 1914, the biologist Jonas Salk, responsible for vacine inventions, met his end; three hundred sixty-five years still further down the line, in 1915, Richard Strauss conducted the first performance of his tone poem Eine Alpensinfonie in Berlin; three years subsequent to that instant, in 1918, Czechoslovakia stood on its own on the same day that Poland assumed command of Western Galicia; a single year following that, in 1919, Congress overrode Woodrow Wilson’s veto of the legislation that initiated Prohibition; three years further on, in 1922, Benito Mussolini marched at the head of a fascist mob that took over Italy’s government; seven years still further on, in 1929, Black Monday, a day that saw major stock upheaval in a prelude to the Great Depression, took place; seven years still further on, in 1936, the baby boy destined to become Charlie Daniels, the celebrated singer-songwriter and guitarist, first cried out; two years later still, in 1938, the Liberian journalist who founded The Daily Observer was born; a Swiss chemist sixty-eight

By ProtoplasmaKid cc 4.0
By ProtoplasmaKid cc 4.0

years ago received the Nobel Prize for his promulgation of DDT as a pesticide; sixty-five years back, the baby boy first cried out on his way to becoming Peter Hitchens, English journalist and author; five years later, in 1951, Elvis Presley received a polio vaccination on national TV in an attempt to legitimize vaccination to the general public; the Cuban missile crisis ended fifty-four years in advance of today’s light and air, when Premier Khrushchev ordered the dismantling and removal of missiles from Cuba; two years later, in 1964, the U.S. denied involvement in bombing North Vietnam, a lie; a year still closer to today, in 1965, Missouri’s Gateway Arch was completed after two and a half years, without the loss of a single worker; one year beyond that juncture, in 1966, Pope Paul VI signed a proclamation that forsook holding Jews responsible for Jesus’ crucifixion; sixteen years after that, in 1982, the Spanish government came under the sway of the first socialist party in the modern era, as the Socialist Workers Party took control; eighteen years before today, (1998) the husband of Sylvia Plath, the poet Ted Hughes, drew his last breath; four years closer to now, in 2002, Margaret Booth, the American screenwriter, died; three years still closer to now, in 2005, Vice President’s Dick Cheney’s Chief of Staff was indicted in the Valerie Plume case and resigned the same day; one year more proximate to the present day, in 2006, Ukrainians commemorated the deaths of their forebears at the hands of Soviet executioners outside Kiev; Kristina Kirchner a year subsequently, in 2007, became Argentina’s first female President, a post that she continues to hold till the results of the current election are sure, and the iconic country music star, Porter Wagoner of Grand Old Opry fame, sang his swan song.