10.27.2016 Day in History

church catholic religion cross christ jesusToday is the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage; in a crowning moment for the entire fate of Christianity and Western Civilization, one thousand seven hundred four years ago, Constantine the Great supposedly received his famous Vision of the Cross; thirteen hundred six years back, Sardinia faced an invasion by Saracens from across the Mediterranean; the City of Amsterdam marks today as the seven hundred forty-first anniversary of its founding; five hundred thirty-one years behind us, the Dutch philosopher, poet, and educator Rodolphus Agricola, wrote his last verse; not always a venue noted for tolerance, Geneva four hundred sixty-three years before the here-and-now burned scientist, humanist, and polymath Michael Servetus at the stake for the unforgiveable crime of study and knowledge; Philadelphia came into existence a hundred twenty-nine years later, in 1682, across the Atlantic in England’s Pennsylvania colony; two hundred twenty-one years ahead of today, the young United States and Spain signed a treaty in Madrid to establish borders between the U.S. and Spanish colonies; fifteen years further on, in 1810, the U.S. annexed West Florida; a hundred seventy-eight years prior to the present pass, Missouri’s Governor issued an extermination order which threatened to murder all Mormons who did not leave the State; six years hence, in 1844, a baby boy came into the world on his way to becoming Klas Pontus Arnoldson, the Nobel Prize laureate and celebrated journalist and politician; at the battle of Metz twenty-six years afterward, in 1870, nearly 150,000 French soldiers surrendered to German armies in France’s greatest defeat of the Franco Prussian War; one hundred twelve years ago, the first New York transit line that ran underground opened to riders; almost a decade subsequent to that juncture, in 1913, a male infant came into the world who would grow up as the Crow, Indian thinker and leader, Joe Medicine Crow; three hundred sixty-five days hence precisely, in 1914, the baby boy who matured into poet Dylan Thomas was born; half a dozen years after that, in 1920, Philadelphia textile companies fired upwards of 40,000 workers whom they accused of ‘radicalism,’ an act perfectly in tune with Federal policy of Palmer raids and other attacks at the same time; Rhodesia two years henceforth, in 1922, rejected a union with South Africa, and the baby girl was born who would mature as the iconic singer, thinker, poet, and activist, Ruby Dee; eight years beyond that juncture, in 1930, navy war militarynegotiators for five major capitalist powers ‘agreed’ to ‘limit’ naval arms developments; seven hundred thirty-one days thereafter, in 1932, the infant female who wrote the chilling poetry of Sylvia Plath uttered her first cry; four years closer to the current context, in 1936, a male child gave a first cry en route to journalistic prominece—helping to publish the Pentagon Papers—as Neal Sheehan; three years still closer to now, in 1939, a baby boy bounced into the world on his way to becoming brilliant writer, comedian, actor, screenwriter, and producer who became famous for co-creating Monty Python’s Flying Circus, John Cleese; one more year along the temporal path, in 1940, a female infant took a first breath on her way to prolific output as writer and essayist Maxine Hong Kingston; two years henceforth, in 1942, the estimable German fascist resistor Helmuth Hubener met his untimely end at the hands of Nazis; three years more proximate to today, in 1945, an infant first cried out whose destiny it was to become the politician and future Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva; three years after that point in time, in 1948, Leopold Senghor assumed leadership of Senegal with a doctrine that he and others developed as Negritude; three years yet more proximate to the present instant, in 1951, Black leaders in Cincinnati formed the National Negro Labor Council in order to challenge the discrimination and White Supremacy that characterized both the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations; a single year further along, in 1952, the boy infant who became philosopher and teacher Francis Fukuyama and predicted ‘history’s end’ was born, as was the Italian baby who would become the beloved filmmaker and screenwriter Roberto Benigni; only a year after that, in 1953, England conducted its second nuclear weapons test in Australia; five years still closer to today’s light and air, in 1958, the first president of Pakistan was deposed in a bloodless coup; three years hence, meanwhile, in 1961, the National nasa space moonAeronautics and Space Administration carried out its first launch of a Saturn Rocket; a year later on the dot, in 1962, while flying a U-2 spy plane over Cuba during the Missile Crisis, a U.S. pilot died when a surface to air missile destroyed his aircraft; just two years subsequently, in 1964, Ronald Reagan launched his political career with a speech that extolled Republican Presidential aspirant Barry Goldwater; two years still nearer to now, in 1966, the baby male entered the world in standard fashion who would eventually rock the blogosphere as conservative writer and gadfly, Matt Drudge; just one year onward, in 1967, Daniel Berrigan led a group of four protesters to pour blood on Selective Service records in Baltimore; eight years beyond that, in 1975, the popular American detective novelist Rex Stout breathed his last; thirty-five years prior to the present pass; a Soviet submarine ran aground off Sweden; regulators in London eleven years past that day, in 1986, radically deregulated financial markets, foretelling several decades of amplified financialization and volatility in the monopoly money arena; Ronald Reagan, toward the end of his second Presidency, two single years later on, in 1988, ordered the razing of the U.S.’s Moscow embassy because of listening devices implanted in its walls; five years hence, in 1993, a gay military radio operator died at the hands of a homophobic comrade, a brutal murder the upshot of which was the policy of “don’t-ask, don’t-tell” in the armed services; four years ahead of that, in 1997, the stock markets around the world crashed due to fears of a global meltdown; eleven years back, riots erupted in Paris to protest the killing by police of two Muslim youth; five years ago, famed critic and psychologist James Hillman came to his end; two years later, in 2013, iconic singer-songwriter Lou Reed breathed his last.