10.26.2016 Day in History

Today in Austria marks the sixtieth anniversary of the nation’s Declaration of Neutrality with National Day, and around the world those with the requisite level of consciousness celebrate Intersex Awareness Day; seventeen hundred ten years ago, Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki met his terrible martyrdom in the Greek Isles; eight hundred thirty-one years prior to today, the feast day of the previously mentioned martyrdom saw the commencement of the Uprising of Asen and Peter, an event that led to the creation of the Second Bulgarian Empire, ruled by the Asen dynasty; six hundred seventy-five years ago, in what is now Turkey and the Levant, a period of vicious civil war began that was to culminate first in the subjugation of Byzantium half a century afterward and the ultimate downfall of Byzantine power a hundred years hence; two-hundred and fifty-six years subsequently, in 1597, a case of Sino-Japanese conflict resulted in a small Chinese navy’s routing a much huger Japanese force in the Imjin War; three hundred forty-one years closer to today, in 1675, the English-American settler co-founded Charlestown Massachusetts; a decade and four years still further on, in 1689, an Austrian general burned down the town of Skopje so as to prevent the spread of cholera, an act that did not prevent him from succumbing to the disease a few days later; twenty-five decades and two years ahead of today, renowned artist and gadfly William Hogarth died; eleven years later, in 1775, England’s King George III declared America’s colonies in rebellion and demanded a military response from Parliament; just three hundred sixty-five days thereafter, in 1776, the redoubtable Benjamin Franklin embarked for France to drum up support from England’s imperial arch-enemy, France, for America’s ‘revolution;’ thirty-five years henceforth, in 1811, Argentina’s rulers decreed that they would honor freedom of the press; another fourteen years further along, in 1825, water transportation between Albany and Buffalo became possible as the Erie Canal opened; one hundred fifty-six years behind this day, the baby boy first opened his eyes on his way to becoming American marshal and author Frank Eaton;

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a year later, in 1861, the Pony Express officially ceased operations; one hundred and thirty-five years before the here and now, Bat Masterson and cohorts took on outlaws in Tombstone, AZ, in the notorious gunfight at the O.K Corral, establishing an S.O.P-orientation in the West to ‘law and order;’ two years after that, in 1883, a baby boy was born en route to a life as darling-of-the-petty-bourgeois author, Napoleon Hill; not quite twenty years thereafter, in 1902, feminist and women’s voting rights activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton breathed her last, and seven thousand miles to the Southeast, a baby girl first opened her eyes who would mature as the aviator and writer and upper-crust bon vivant, Beryl Markham; three more years down the pike, in 1905, Sweden and Norway established their borders as two separate countries for the first time; four years subsequent to that conjunction, in 1909, Japan’s four-time Prime Minister and chief of imperial Korea died at the hands of assassins in Manchuria; three years nearer to now, in 1912, around the globe in Greece, partisans took control of the Ottoman city of Thessaloniki in the midst of the First Balkan War; five years hence, in 1917, Brazil declared war on the Central Powers during World War I; five years afterwards, in 1922, Jacob’s Room by Virginia Woolf was published by the Hogarth Press, with jacket design by Woolf’s sister Vanessa Bell; fourteen years still later on, in 1936, six thousand miles or so West, the first electricity began to flow from generators at Hoover Dam; nine years even closer to the current context, in 1945, a baby male first cried out who would rise up as the popular author, Pat Conroy; two more years along the temporal path, in 1947, England’s partition strategy in south Asia continued as the Kingdom of Kashmir elected to join India; seven hundred thirty-one days beyond that juncture, in solidarity1949, Harry Truman nearly doubled the minimum wage to $.75/hour; two years after that moment in time, in 1951, the baby boy first cried out on his way to becoming Julian Schnabel, the American painter, director, and screenwriter; four years still further down time’s arc, in 1955, Austria declared permanent neutrality after the last Allied troops had left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty; two years yet more proximate to the present, in 1957, Greece’s national philosopher and iconic Zorba creator, Nikos Kazantzakis, closed his eyes for the final time; two years still closer to the present pass, in 1959, the baby boy bounced into the world on his way to becoming Evo Morales, the esteemed politician and the 80th President of Bolivia; six years afterward, in 1963, a girl baby gave her initial shout on her way to life as rocker and writer Natalie Merchant; four years still further on, in 1967, a very different incipient expression of celebrity worship took place when mass murder Mohammad Reza Pahlavi appointed himself Emperor for life of Iran and his wife Empress; ten years still further on, in 1977, the last natural case of smallpox developed in Somalia, an event considered to be the anniversary of the eradication of this terrible disease; thirty-seven years back, Korean spies participated in the assassination of their country’s own president; twenty-one years prior to the present pass, Mossad agents assassinated Islamic leader Fathi Shagagi in his hotel in Malta; four years beyond that instant in time, in 1999, Britain’s House of Lords voted to eliminate hereditary rights to participate in its routine operations such as voting; seven hundred and thirty days further along time’s pass, in 2001, United States’ leaders increased the police state’s grip by passing the so-called Patriot Act; three hundred sixty-five days still onward in time’s relentless march, in 2002, a horrific massacre took the life of approximately 50 Chechen terrorists and 150 hostages died when Russian Spetsnaz stormed a theater building in Moscow; six years hence, in 2008, noted author and thinker Tony Hillerman lived out his final day; five years still further on, in 2013, the esteemed American journalist and activist Doug Ireland wrote his last stanza.