10.18.2016 Day in History

diversity technology woman womenToday, Canada celebrates Persons Day to honor the diversity of the nation, while the giant jurisdiction of Alaska commemorates its establishment as a State; on the Greek Peninsula after a solar eclipse, two thousand three hundred thirty-six years ago, the philosopher Pappus of Alexandria issued a commentary on the experience which he entitled The Great Astronomer; fourteen centuries and two years ahead of today, early Frankish leaders issued what we now know as the Edict of Paris, which served to defend the rights of noble Franks against central authority and against a supreme leader and king at the same time that it prohibited the appointment of Jews to civil posts; a half decade short of four centuries thereafter, and five years more than a thousand years prior to now, in 1009, an iconic Christian church in Jerusalem met a fate of total destruction at the orders of Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, whose forces razed the structures down to bedrock; seventy-two years further along the temporal arc, in 1081, Norman forces, having recently succeeded in conquering the British isles, oversaw the defeat of the Byzantine empire at the Battle of Dyrrhachium; five hundred seventy-six years before this instant, forces under the command of Hernando de Soto in their wide loop through what would become much of the deep South and the Appalachians, introduced native peoples near what is now part of Alabama to Spanish ‘hospitality’ when they destroyed the Native American fortified town of Mabila and killed the tribal leader Tuskaloosa; a quarter century subsequently, in 1565, Japanese seagoing forces failed to nab an interloping Portuguese trading vessel in the Battle of Fukuda Bay which was the first time that a naval fight occurred between Europeans and Japanese;eight decades and three years after that, in 1648, the first labor organization in colonial English territory took shape when what we now know as the Bean City’s cobblers created the Shoemakers of Boston; two hundred forty-one years back, in one of late colonial America’s egalitarian acts, the iconic poetess Phillis Wheatley received her ‘freedom’ from slavery; a single year beyond three quarters of a century later, in 1851, a London publisher issued the first edition of The Whale, which soon enough became Herman Melville’s Moby Dick; eight years onward, in 1859, the baby boy opened his eyes who would rise as the theological thinker and philosopher and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, Henry Bergson; three hundred sixty-six days further along time’ march toward contemporary light and air, in 1860, predatory British diplomats imposed the Treaty of Tientsin to bring the Second Opium War to a ‘satisfactory’ imperial end, imposing a ‘free market’ on the declining Chinese empire; seven years henceforth, in 1867, around much of the globe in North America, the United States finalized the deal to take possession of Alaska from Russia, thus establishing the basis for Alaska’s celebration of its special day; a mere four years nearer to the here and now, in 1871, the master of the ‘Difference Engine,’ Charles Babbage, worked out his final program; twenty-six years afterward, in 1897, the female infant first shouted out en route to a life as the psychological theorist and writer who created the Myers-Briggs test of personality, under the name Isabel Briggs Myers; a single year farther down the pike, in 1898, the United States finished off its imperial conquest of Spain’s Puerto Rican possessions by taking formal possession of the islands; half a dozen years yet later on, in 1904, a male child bounced into the world who would mature as the journalist and writer A. J. Liebling; seven years beyond that precise point in space-time, in New York City in 1911, authorities agreed to pay women teachers the same wages and salary as male instructors received; another decade on time’s relentless march toward today, USSR_Emblem_1936 russia sovietin 1921, the Crimean Soviet Socialist Republic federated with the U.S.S.R.; to the East a thousand miles or so three hundred sixty-five additional days in the direction of now, in 1922, the United Kingdom’s elites formed a consortium to carry out ‘national radio programming,’ soon enough the British Broadcasting Corporation; four more years further along, in 1926, a male child entered our midst in standard fashion who would become the iconic rocker and writer, Chuck Berry, while over the wide Atlantic sea, the baby boy came along who would grow up as the film-making storyteller Klaus Kinski; the very next year, back across the Ocean and much of North America in 1927, for the first time practically all of Colorado’s coal miners walked out on strike; two years still more proximate to the present pass, in 1929,Canada’s Privy Council Judicial Committee rejected the High Court’s holding that women were not ‘persons’ and citizens in the Commonwealth; seven hundred thirty days onward from that juncture, in 1931, South across the U.S. Border, Thomas Edison inhaled and exhaled one last time;another pair of years hence, in 1933, an altogether different sort of inventiveness was the subject matter of Buckminster Fuller’s attempt to gain a patent for his otherworldy, so-called dymaxion automobile; half a dozen additional years down the pike, in 1939, well over 50,000 Chrysler Motor workers went on strike, primarily for higher wages; six years subsequent to that conjunction, in 1945 and just past the culmination of World War Two’s decimation, atomic spy Klaus Fuchs delivered plans for a Plutonium nuclear weapon to agents of the Soviet government, while coup plotters in Venezuela unseated that nation’s elected President, Isaias Medina; another two hears en route to this day and time, in 1947, a baby girl was born who would become the haunting singer and elliptical lyricist, Laura Nyro; exactly one additional flight around the sun, in 1948, another female child cast her gaze about her for the first time, soon enough destined to write, create dramas, and compose stanzas un united nationsas Ntozake Shange; the year after that, in 1949, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution #78, its version of the General Assembly’s call to move toward a banning of nuclear weapons and a cutback by at least a third of conventional military forces; an extra year further on time’s race forward, in 1950, an infant American female bounced into the world on her way to an unfortunately brief life as writer and dramatist Wendy Wasserman; a year after those blissful moments, in 1951, yet another little girl became an independent person who would grow into the novelist and popular writer, Terry McMillan;a thousand ninety-six further days on the road to today’s light and air, in 1954, the Texas Instruments Corporation placed its first transistor radios onto store shelves; six years still later, in 1960, a feisty baby boy came along who would end up the fierce and funny and creative performer, fighter, and script-writer, Jean-Claude Van Damme; seven years even closer to the current context, in 1967, a Russian interplanetary craft became the first such vehicle to enter another planet’s atmosphere, tens of millions of miles away on Venus; a leap year’s three hundred sixty-six days on the forward path from that, in 1968, U.S. Olympic athletes faced sanctions for raising Black Power fists at their awards ceremony in Mexico City; five years in even greater proximity to the here and now, in 1973, a male infant took a first breath whom destiny had designated as the journalist James Foley, who would lose his head only four decades after that on the border of Syria and Iraq, while on his birth day, Margaret Anderson, the beloved and nearly ninety year old publisher of The Little Review died, and the paradoxical champion of both reaction and logical thought, Leo Strauss, also breathed his last; ten years subsequently, in 1983, General Motors settled an administrative action before the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by promising to establish a protocol for hiring more women over a several year period of time; double that amount of passage forward in time, in 2003, Bolivia’s Yankee-friendly President left office, and his country, following an extensive crisis over exploitative ‘development’ of the nation’s vast natural gas reserves; much of the distance around the world four years later, in 2007, a massive bombing in Karachi, Pakistan killed almost 140 people while leaving the intended target of the assassination attempt, Benazir Bhutto, temporarily unscathed.