10.04.2016 Day in History

siberian_tiger animalEverywhere on Earth today, logically and ecologically, is World Animal Day, while the planet generally also starts out World Space Week; in a crucial turn in Chinese history, at roughly the same time as the erstwhile death of an historical Jesus, in the case of the Eastern realm a thousand nine hundred and ninety-three years ago, the Chinese emperor whom we know as Mang Wang, whose fourteen year reign divided the annals of Han rule in two, died in battle with forces from what was in part a widespread agrarian uprising; thirteen years fewer than six centuries after that, in 610, a somewhat similar upper class usurpation transpired when Heraclius, whose father was the Byzantine overseer of North Africa, entered Constantinople en route to defeating, capturing, and executing his rival Phocas, and becoming emperor himself at a time of vast turmoil and strife; seventeen years above six centuries beyond that point in time, in 1227, yet another royal assassination took place, with the death of the caliphic usurper Abdallah al Adil, who overthrew his predecessor in Marrakesh, which at the time was struggling with a centuries long Reconquista of its European holdings, Al Andalus or modern Spain, where the murdered Caliph Adil of Morocco had his roots; three quarters of a century hence, as the long preeminence of Byzantium faded in 1302, the Venetian-Byzantine war came to an end with a treaty in Constantinople that favored the Italians; four hundred eighty-one years back, the first complete English translation of Christian scripture, the Coverdale Bible, issued from British printing presses; sixty-two years toward today from that, in 1597, Spanish hopes of dominance on what is now the U.S. Eastern Seaboard suffered when Guale native peoples, who had tolerated the Spaniards and their missions theretofore, rose up and expelled friars and soldiers and settlers from what is now Gerogia; seventy-two years thereafter, in 1669, the monumental icon of painting, Rembrandt, portrayed his final composition; ninety-nine years later, in 1768, a male child graced his privileged family in Spanish America on his way to a life as naturalist and mathematician and military engineer Francisco Jose de Caldas, who died before a firing squad after he supported Colombian secession from Spain; twenty-seven years following that entry, in 1795, plus or minus five thousand miles Northeast in Paris, Napoleon’s facility with cannonades brought him into the public eye when he ordered his artillery to fire upon counterrevolutionary forces in the process of attacking the National legislature; another fifty-eight years onward in time and space, further East in 1853, the Ottoman ottomanEmpire, with the support of French and British interests, declared war on the Russians over the fate of Crimea; eight years subsequent to that combative context, in 1861, back in North America, a male baby cried out whom fate had designated to become renowned painter and illustrator Frederic Remington; twelve hundred or so miles Southwest of that blessed event, a decade and a half ahead on time’s relentless march, in 1876, the Texas Agricultural and Mechanical College first accepted students, the Lone Star State’s oldest public university; two years farther on than a quarter century past that point, in 1903, a baby boy was born en route to life as the physicist and inventor of the world’s first digital computer, John Vincent Atanasoff; eleven years further down the pike, in 1914, a boy baby entered our midst who would mature as the prominent thinker and journalist and essayist, Brendan Gill; four thousand miles or more South and West and a thousand ninety-six days yet later on, in 1917, a female infant exercised her vocal cords at the outset of the life of Chilean lyricist, singer, and passionate activist and performer, Violeta Parra; a mere year yet nearer to the here and now, in 1918, back in the Eastern United States, a typical ‘accident’ of profiteering off war—in the event a gigantic explosion at an arms factory—claimed the lives of more than a hundred workers and bystanders at New Jersey’s Gillespie Shell Loading Plant; nine years farther along, in 1927, the estimable artist and sculptor Gutzon Borglum oversaw the start of Dean_Franklin mount rushmore founding fathers south dakotathe carving of images into the rock of Mt. Rushmore; three hundred sixty-six days more in the direction of today, in 1928, the male child gazed about him in Germany who would grow to become the American thinker and writer and critic, Alvin Toffler; three years onward toward the here and now, in 1931, back in the U.S., a baby male bounced into the world who wold end up the influential philosopher and critic, Richard Rorty; seven hundred thirty-one days subsequently, in 1933, Esquire’s first issue hit the newsstands, with stories by Hemingway, Dos Passos, and Hammett, among plenty of news and first-person commentary in addition; three years even closer to the current context, in 1936, Jewish and radical citizens of East London fought off fascist attacks; a year past that raucous event, in the nature of some sort of victory, in 1937, the beloved and magnificent blues singer, Bessie Smith, died in a single car crash in Mississippi in which vicious bigotry—finding a hospital to treat ‘colored people’–played at least some role, and across the Atlantic, the girl child came along in London who would soon enough rock Hollywood with her ‘power-romance’ novels as Jackie Collins; a thousand four hundred sixty-one days henceforth, in 1941, a boy baby gave an initial cry who would grow up as the popular and incisive writer and humorist, Roy Blount, Jr.; two years more on the temporal trek, in 1943, a baby boy opened his eyes in a Southern Louisiana family who would rise as the fiery critic of bigotry and collaboration, H. Rap Brown, who after surviving a police attack converted to Islam and became Jamil Abdullah al Amin; another year more proximate to the present pass, in 1944,General of the Army Dwight Eisenhower announced the clinical conclusion that soldiers who spend lengthy time under fire in combat could develop a syndrome, of shell shock, that is similar to what we now call post-traumatic stress disorder; the very next year, in 1945, President Truman intervened, ordering the Navy to seize oil refineries, to crush an oil workers strike that had spread to twenty states; three hundred sixty-five days forward from that moment, in 1946, the little baby girl acted out her first scene who would become the redoubtable thespian and activist, Susan Sarandon; a further half decade beyond that happy passage, in 1951, a much more equivocal turn occurred when a Black patient whom medical researchers had biopsied without permission, Henrietta Lacks, died after receiving radium inserts in her uterus for a cancer that she did not have; half a dozen years past that point, in 1957, the Soviets launched the first Sputnik spaceship, inaugurating the modern era in many ways; four years farther onward in space and time, in 1961, the United Mineworkers of America rejoined the American Federation of Labor/Congress of Industrial Organizations, after two decades of a split between the two; not quite a decade in still greater proximity to the present point, in 1970, the monumental vocal and lyrical and performing talent, Janis Joplin, died of a heroin overdose; four years still later, in 1974, the critically acclaimed poet, Anne Sexton, lived out the final verse of a life full of madness and pain and ‘therapeutic intervention;’eleven years afterward, in 1985, proponents of networking and open-source operations formed the Free Software Foundation in Massachusetts;six years addition on time’s path, in 1991, parties to the process began to sign the Protocols of Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty;another year along time’s arc, in 1992, negotiators in Rome illustrated the continued imperial dominance of Africa with the finalization of Accords about civil conflict in Mozambique; the next year, in 1993, witnessed the continued unfolding of the Russian Constitutional Crisis that nearly Balkanized the world’s largest nation; eleven additional years along the road to right this minute, in 2004, SpaceShipOne became the first civilian craft to make at least two trips outside Earth’s atmosphere, earning a ten million dollar prize for its achievement; seven hundred thirty days thereafter, in 2006, Julian Assange orchestrated the founding of Wikileaks.