10.03.2016 Day in History

Today in Peninsular North East Asia, marks Foundation Day for the Republic of Korea; in the heart of Western Europe, in what is today part of France, one thousand sixty-eight years ago, the Battle of Alesia came to an end, and Gaul came fully under Roman suzerainty, as Vercingetorix surrendered to Julius Caesar for the Gaulish people and fighters; more or less exactly a decade past that point of Roman expansion, in 42 BCE, forces under the leadership of Marc Anthony and Octavian delivered a crushing defeat to the legions whom Caesar’s assassins, Brutus and Cassius, were leading at the First Battle of Philippi; whether approximately or exactly, definitely in the neighborhood of four hundred twenty-four years later, in 382 CE, the then emperor of Rome – four centuries later – concluded a armistice with the Germanic Goths that allowed the fighting between imperial forces and ‘barbarian’ rebels to end and for Gothic peoples to gain access to land and resources to settle in the Balkans; one hundred thirty-three decades beyond that hegemonic exercise, in the 1712 environs of the United Kingdom, um, national leader Duke of Montrose issued and order to arrest in order to apprehend and imprison the Scottish national hero Rob Roy; twenty-seven years subsequent to that imbroglio, in 1739, russia imperialacross the English Channel and much of Europe, Russia and Ottoman Turkey settled their three year war with a treaty much in Russia’s favor; two hundred sixteen years back, the baby boy was born whom fate had designated as the early United States’ historian of record, George Bancroft; thirty-eight years after that, in 1838, the leader of the Sauk people whom we know as Black Hawk, having led an intrepid life of struggle to carve out space for his people’s continued presence, drew his final breath; eleven years more in the direction of today, in 1849, Baltimore residents discovered the delirious, almost lifeless Edgar Allan Poe in the gutter, his final ‘appearance’ in public prior to his death; eighteen years later, in 1867, Anthony Trollope tendered his resignation from his senior administrative position in the British General Post Office in order to write full-time; six years in the future from that, in 1873, across the North American continent in California, Captain Jack and other Native American citizens in the Modoc uprising, which sought to redress some of California’s crimes against Indians, hung from ropes until they died for their ‘crimes’ of rebellion against the Golden State; sixteen years onward toward our current moment, in 1889, a German male child entered our midst en route to a life as a champion of peace and justice who would win the Nobel Prize and die young as Carl von Ossietzky in Nazi Germany; six years farther along time’s arc, in 1895, the seminal book by Stephen Crane, the Red Badge of Courage, was published for the first time;  one year hence, in 1896, beloved and estimable writer and master of verse, William Morris, lived through his final stanza; a thousand four hundred thirty days after that, in 1900, across the wide Atlantic in North America, a North Carolina baby boy opened his eyes who would rise as the talented and insightful storyteller and novelist Thomas Wolfe; two years yet later on, in 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt oversaw mediation efforts to relieve strikes and other outbursts of class conflict in America’s anthracite coal fields; a decade farther in the future, in 1912, imperial hired guns of the United States managed to subdue an uprising for local power and social justice in Nicaragua at the Battle of Coyotepe Hill; five years beyond that point, in 1917, Americans first confronted the reality of financing their own war with the imposition of a significant uptick in Federal taxation, in the form of the War Revenue Act; money funds

thirteen years thereafter, in 1925, a boy baby bounced into the world en route to his life as iconic thinker and writer Gore Vidal; four years further along, in 1929, across the Atlantic and much of Europe, the aggregation of Slavic peoples in the Balkans first donned the name Yugoslavia, land of the South Slavs; in an all-too-typical fascistic violation of free speech and civil liberties, three years henceforth in 1932 in Kinkaid, Illinois, local and state authorities sicced National Guard troops on high school

Mining Bituminous Coal in Pennsylvania about 1900
Mining Bituminous Coal in Pennsylvania about 1900

students who were supporting the rights of striking workers in the coal fields, and plus or minus six thousand miles to the South and East, the Kingdom of Iraq gained its supposed independence from the United Kingdom; another three years yet nearer to the here and now, in 1935, in the same quadrant of the Earth, Italian fascist storm troopers invaded Ethiopia in hopes of reconquering stolen colonial territory; half a dozen years additional in the direction of today, in 1941, back in North America, a baby boy was born who would grow up as the lyricist and lively performer of R & B and early rock and roll, whom we know as Chubby Checker; three hundred sixty-five days on time’s relentless march towards the present, in 1942, across the Atlantic, German rocket scientists such as future NASA standout Verner von Braun launched the first human object to leave the Earth’s atmosphere from Penemunde, Germany; three years afterward, in 1945, back in the Western United States, Greyhound drivers went on strike for better wages and conditions in six states, achieving a better than 10% raise in short order;seven hundred thirty days further down the pike, in 1947, the male infant first regarded his surroundings en route to a life as the thinker and computer wizard Jon Perry Barlow; yet two years additional toward the now, in 1949, Atlanta, Georgia, inaugurated the first Black-owned radio station in North America, at WERD AM; three years subsequently, in 1952, England detonated a nuclear weapon in the South Pacific to become the world’s third atomic power; two years beyond that, in 1954, in more hopeful developments, a male infant entered our midst who would mature as the radical activist and political showman Al Sharpton, while elsewhere in the United States, a baby boy shouted out who would soon enough be writing and shouting rock lyrics as Stevie Ray Vaughn; another three years further down time’s path, in 1957, California appellate courts ordered that the state stop all designation of Allen Ginsberg’s Howl as obscene; four years past that, in 1961, the United Auto Workers went on strike against the auto maker for the first time since Henry Ford’s company recognized the union in 1941; seven hundred thirty more days in the direction of today, in 1963, typical School of America and CIA depredations helped a vicious Honduran coup to succeed and overthrow a period of reform and preclude democratic guitar music art performanceelections for the next twenty years; four years even closer to the current context, in 1967, the entire world experienced the tragic loss of iconic folk singer and social justice activist Woody Guthrie from Huntington’s Disease; three years further along, in 1970, professional baseball umpires called a strike that had nothing to do with the ball and everything to do with improved working conditions; seventeen years still later, in 1987, the redoubtable French playwright and critic Jean Anouilh lived out his final scene; three years more along the temporal arc, in 1990, the German Federal Republic subsumed the Soviet-aligned German polity to become a single entity; one thousand ninety-six days onward from that momentous development, in 1993, Somalian rebels fought against intervening United States troops, killing eighteen of them while suffering hundreds of casualties of their own, in the Battle of Mogadishu; a decade and a half yet more proximate to the present pass, in 2008,George W Bush signed legislation that supposedly sought to undo the legacy of the disastrous policies of capital that had yielded the largest financial meltdown in human history; a single year hence, in 2009, Turkey and three Central Asian nations agreed to form the Turkic Council; four years in even greater proximity to our present point in time and space, in 2013, a minimum of 134 refugees who were fleeing the predatory imperial murder that the United States has been visiting on Africa and Western Asia, drowned when the boat that they were hoping to float to freedom overturned and dumped them into the Mediterranean instead.